Insights Into Teens: Episode 45 “Eating Disorders”

This week we follow up on some of the things we discussed in last weeks Body Image podcast when we discuss Eating Disorders. We highlight two specific disorders, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. We look at some of the common symptoms and learn the signs to watch out for so that we can help out those who might be suffering from these afflictions.

We also take a look at a typical teen diet, some of the challenges facing teens with meal scheduling and nutrition. We learn that despite what we might consider unhealthy eating habits that each of us is unique in our dietary needs and that we can not look at our eating habits from meal to meal. We have to look at our eating habits as a long term dietary regimen to ensure a healthy lifestyle.

Insights Into Teens

Transcription

Speaker 1: 00:02 Insightful podcast. Informative insights, a podcast network.

Speaker 3: 00:26 Welcome to insights into teens, a podcast series, exploring the issues and challenges of today’s youth. Your hosts are Joseph and Madison, Whalen, a father and daughter team making their way through the challenges of the teenage years.

Speaker 5: 00:51 Well, welcome to insights in the teens. This is episode 45 eating disorders. I’m your host, Joseph Raelynn and my brilliant and beautiful cohost, Madison. Waylon. How are you doing today, Maddie? So this one is kind of a follow up to last week. Last week we did a podcast on body image and during the research for that podcast, one of the things that came up almost as a recurring theme was eating disorders that contribute to body image issues. So there was too much to really kind of add to last week cause we were kinda concentrating on body image. So I figured we might as well do a follow up with eating disorders. And we’ll talk about some of the stuff here. And now, just a kind of a note in the beginning here. I am not an expert on eating disorders. The information that I have here comes from a multiple reliable sources on the internet.

Speaker 5: 01:56 I thought it was an important enough topic that we should at least talk about it. But if you do suspect that you or someone you love or know does suffer from an eating disorder, then I would highly recommend that you seek professional help for yourself or for them. So what we’re going to do is we’re going to talk about what eating disorders are. We will take a look at the different types of eating disorders along with what their symptoms are and some signs. And we’ll talk about basically how to spot those and try to get people help with them. And then any closing remarks or shout outs that you might have, are we set to go? I think so. Before we start, let me ask you, do you think you suffer from any eating disorders?

Speaker 2: 02:48 Mmm,

Speaker 5: 02:50 Not particularly, but I do have my thoughts on my problems with eating. Okay. Oh, maybe we’ll get a chance to talk about those as well. Yep. So let’s get right into it.

Speaker 5: 03:06 So what are eating disorders? According to psychiatry.org eating disorders are illnesses in which the people experienced severe disturbances in their eating behaviors and related thoughts and emotions. People with eating disorders typically become preoccupied with food and their body weight. In many cases, eating disorders occur with other psychiatric disorders like anxiety, panic, obsessive compulsive disorder, and alcohol and drug abuse problems. New evidence suggested hereditary may play a part in why certain people develop eating disorders. But these disorders also afflict many people who have no prior family history, without treatment of both the emotional and physical symptoms of these disorders, malnutrition, heart problems, and other potentially fatal conditions can result. However, with proper medical care, those with eating disorders can resume suitable eating habits and return to better emotional and physiological health. So with that clinical definition of what eating disorders are, do you think you have an eating disorder?

Speaker 6: 04:25 Well, not now. I know that I definitely know I don’t suffer from an eating disorder. I will, I, I normally eat what I’m given unless I don’t like it. And I don’t try to go out of my way to eat healthier than I normally do, so nothing obsessive.

Speaker 5: 04:47 Okay. So I don’t think you have an eating disorder either. I think you’re a teenager. I think you eat when your body allows it your body’s changing constantly your age. So your appetite fluctuates. Sometimes you eat a lot and that’s cause your body’s going through a gross bird or something else. Sometimes you don’t feel very well and you don’t eat a lot at all. But I think in the long run, ultimately it balances itself out. You don’t seem to have any obsessions about it. But again, I’m not an expert, but we’ll talk about what some of the symptoms are. So let’s come back and we’ll talk about some of the types of eating disorders that are out there. So one of the most common eating disorders is commonly referred to as anorexia or anorexia nervosa. Have you ever heard of that before?

Speaker 6: 05:55 No, not really. Never actually been specified with eating disorders only that there are eating disorders out there and that there are different types

Speaker 5: 06:03 Now have, have they discussed eating disorders at all in school or anything like that?

Speaker 6: 06:09 No. The only thing is that they always say to make sure you eat healthy, be sorta to have a long life. And that’s pretty much all they really told us. They never warned us about eating disorders in school.

Speaker 5: 06:22 And I guess that kind of makes sense. Yeah. So anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by weight loss or a lack of appropriate weight gain in growing children difficulties maintaining an appropriate body weight for height and age and stature and in many individuals distorted body image. And this goes back to what we talked about last week. So people with anorexia generally restrict the number of calories and the types of food they eat. Some people with the disorder also exercise compulsively purge via vomiting, who I know it’s, but that’s how some people deal with it or laxatives or they binge eat. Do you know anyone who exhibits any of these symptoms? And you could do, don’t name any names. We don’t want to single anyone out.

Speaker 6: 07:17 Well, I mean there is this one YouTube or I watch and they make videos talking about this. And they definitely used to suffer from these symptoms when they were a teenager.

Speaker 5: 07:29 Okay. So here’s some of the warning signs or some of the symptoms. And these are emotional and physical. So there’s dramatic weight loss. Anything you see someone who drops weight very quickly. Most dietitians will and doctors even will tell you two to three pounds a week is what a healthy weight loss is. Anything beyond that, you tend to be starving your body to a certain extent and doing damage. They dress in layers to hide the weight loss or to stay warm. Cause as you shed those pounds you have less insulation and you tend to get cold faster. They are preoccupied with weight, food, calories fat grams and dieting conscious effort to not put weight on. They’ll refuse to eat certain few foods progressing to restrictions against whole categories such as I’m not going to eat any carbohydrates.

Speaker 5: 08:33 And some of these symptoms, you know, going down this list here, it’s funny cause some of these symptoms kind of fall into the category of some of these fad diets that are out there like a for instance, the first one that comes to mind is, is Atkins where with Atkins it’s a very low carb diet and it kind of has people obsessing about their weight and stuff like that. So there’s a lot of similarities between that sort of diet leading you to an anorexic lifestyle. One of the other ones they talk about as you make frequent comments about feeling fat or overweight despite weight loss. And this goes back to what we talked about last week with body image where no matter how much weight you lose, you feel as though you’re still overweight.

Speaker 2: 09:27 Mmm.

Speaker 5: 09:28 Do you, do you see a lot of kids in school these days that are kind of obsessing about their, their weight at this point in time?

Speaker 6: 09:35 No. I’ve never really noticed because one, I really don’t socialize with them. And two, no one seems to be complaining. Everyone else is just worrying about their own business, about how the fact that I really don’t like school or any other topics.

Speaker 5: 09:50 I see. And to any of your friends really show any growing or overwhelming concern about weight gain or anything like that?

Speaker 6: 09:59 No, not really. My friends really haven’t brought up that topic. You see, eating disorders is something I don’t normally hear too often. Like I know eating disorders is a thing and that it’s definitely not a good habit. But I’ve never really experienced anyone that, like, I’ve never met anyone in person with any eating disorders.

Speaker 5: 10:23 Well, and that’s, I guess that’s kind of why I wanted to go through some of these symptoms because you may have met people who exhibit these symptoms, but you don’t realize that they have an eating disorder. And that’s kind of kind of what the danger of eating disorders tend to be is that people have them and they, they hide them sometimes where they have them and they don’t realize that they have them. So being aware of what these symptoms are helps you to spot these people who might need help but not realize that they need help. Yeah. So a couple of the other things that we run into and there’s a lot of symptoms with this and I don’t want to go through all of them cause it’s a very, very long list. But some of the things to look for

Speaker 5: 11:14 They deny feeling hungry. You know, you may go out to lunch or sit down at lunch with these folks and they may not want to eat anything. They might develop food rituals. They say eating foods and certain orders or excessive chewing rearranging food on the plate. That’s how the, the, I guess, deal with the condition itself cause it is as much a mental as it is a physical condition that they have to combat. So a lot of the things that you see in obsessive compulsive disorders with these patterns like this are things to look for in your French to make sure that they’re okay. They cook food for others, they cook meals for others without eating themselves. They express a need to burn off calories that they’ve taken in like, Oh, I just ate a cheeseburger. I gotta go, I gotta go work this off now.

Speaker 5: 12:14 Ignoring the fact that, well, no, your body just took in fuel and nutrient and it kind of needs to process that. They feel ineffective. So you may see depression or, or of feeling of loss of uselessness and folks, and this could be signs of, of larger eating disorders. They may have a strong need for control. If you go to eat, sit down to eat with someone or go out to eat with them, they may want to pick the place or pick the food that’s being served so that they can control, have some control over their food. From a mental, that was all the mental side of the psychological side of things. From a physical side, you may see they have stomach cramps or other nonspecific complaints about stomach pain. They may have difficulty concentrating. And this is something that is common in teens right now.

Speaker 5: 13:22 Cause as we’ve seen in the past, teens notoriously have a lack of sleep. But the lack of concentration may also be a lack of energy because they’re not getting the proper nutrients that they’re looking for. They may feel cold all the time and you see your friends that, that seem to feel cold or they might have sleeping problems or they may get dizzy spells or something like that. They may have dry skin, they may have brittle nails, you may see them using moisturizer a lot. So these are all signs of anorexia to look for. The next disorder that they talk about here is bulimia nervosa. Believe me as a serious, potentially life threatening eating disorder, categorized by a cycle of bingeing and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, designed to undo or compensate for the effects of binge eating. So you may have people that enjoy eating but feel guilty about what they’ve eaten. And then they force themselves to vomit to get rid of what they’ve eaten, to compensate for it because they don’t want to put on the weight. You’ve never experienced any of these types of feelings or anything, have you?

Speaker 7: 14:47 No, I’ve definitely, well, for myself, for others

Speaker 6: 14:53 Really, I’ve definitely never felt as though I would want to make myself throw up. That’s good. Which is definitely a good sign for me. I’ve definitely not met and because, and I’ve definitely not met anyone who does that.

Speaker 5: 15:07 Okay, well that’s good. But see, the thing is that these, these types of disorders tend to develop through your teenage years. We talked last week about the stages and the ages in which body image becomes more of an issue. So as body image becomes an issue teens tend to get into these eating disorders and it becomes a problem. And really the concerns more of the health issue in conjunction with the psychological impact of it. Because if you’re willing to do these types of things to your body, then there’s, there’s an underlying cause that needs some attention. So some of the signs of bulemia are general behaviors and attitudes that weight loss, dieting and control of food are a primary concern. Anyone who obsesses over their weight or what they eat is a major concern. Binge eating. Any kind of evidence of that, including disappearance of large amounts of food in short periods of time or lots of empty wrappers.

Speaker 5: 16:23 You may see your friends have lots of empty wrappers. Purging includes frequent trips to the bathroom. These are all things that you want to keep an eye out for. And again, they may hide the signs of this with baggy clothes. They may look bloated from fluid retention at times and they frequently diet. So these are all things that you kind of want to keep an eye on just to make sure that, that your friends are okay. And then there’s a few other disorders that they go into here, but those are really the two big ones. In addition to those, these other ones tend to be ancillary to those. So frictions instance binge eating disorder, well obviously we talked about bulemia and binge eating is one of those. So there are things that I guess sort of lead to these other types of eating disorder issues. Let me come back. I want to just sort of talk about diet and what your dietary habits are and what your eating habits are. Okay. So, you know, the average person tends eat three meals a day, you have breakfast, lunch and dinner. You might have a snack or two in between there. And unless you’re an athlete or in training or maybe you have a crazy work schedule, most people tend to stick to that kind of eating schedule and it’s pretty safe. Once you give us an idea of what your food schedule, your, your meal schedule tends to look like.

Speaker 6: 18:19 Well, I think I’m going to go with the, with whenever I go to school because that’s most of the time. So typically for breakfast I would have mommy would make me three pancakes with a glass of milk and peanut butter on top. And I have started actually just been able to eat only two and not eating the other one. I don’t know if that’s a problem. I’ve just started doing it and I don’t know why.

Speaker 5: 18:52 Probably not. It’s just the phase.

Speaker 6: 18:54 Yeah. And I wouldn’t really finish the Milky either. I would just have like two pancakes and like three quarters of the milk. And then typically for my lunch I would have a pack of Lunchables. And that’s, and I would pretty much she had all of that. Okay. So that’s normal. When I get home from school, I would typically grab a small snack and a drink and eat that and do my homework. Then I, and then for dinner I would just either have what you guys were having or if I didn’t like what you guys were having, I would just make myself or my koi pizza. And on occasions I would have dessert, but I’ve kind of not really had dessert for, I’ve kind of stopped eating dessert.

Speaker 5: 19:40 So it’s a fairly regular schedule that you have and I think it’s important to know that the snack that you have when you get home from school, you kind of have to do that because of how early you eat, your lunch, your lunch periods pretty early in the morning, isn’t it?

Speaker 6: 19:53 Yeah, it’s like around 10 o’clock. And I eat my breakfast around five.

Speaker 5: 19:57 Yeah. So you know this year in school your schedules still kind of a little crazy because of how your, your lunch schedule actually is.

Speaker 6: 20:07 Yeah, I’m actually the earliest lunch.

Speaker 5: 20:10 Right. And that tends to cause problems because by two, three o’clock in the afternoon, your energy levels start to run low.

Speaker 6: 20:18 Yeah. The thing is when I actually started this whole new diet, because before we’d normally eat a bowl of cereal, but I didn’t, I started not liking cereals. So I moved to pancakes and plus I was eating like, I don’t know, 20 minutes earlier than I normally did. And when it was the practice trial before the first day of school, I remember having stomach problems just having to adjust to my diet and the first day. And I think the second day of school I also had the same stomach problems.

Speaker 5: 20:50 Right. Well, and I think a lot of that comes to from just, you know, a change of eating habits in general. Between the times the type of foods that you’re eating, the activities that you’re doing in between there, you know, it, your body gets used to it and your body, you know, we’re creatures of habit and when you step outside that, that regular pattern there, your body tends to object to that. So but do you feel after each meal that you’re satisfied and you have had enough food?

Speaker 6: 21:25 Yeah. on occasions I would, sometimes he had a little too much. Like whenever we’re out of the restaurant and we’re allowed and I get like a burger with French fries, I’ll occasionally more fries than I normally couldn’t. I might have a small stomach ache afterwards, but thing is I’ve noticed, I really don’t eat a lot. Like when like I can eat half the burger and half the fries, drink my drink and be completely full and I don’t really like the feeling of that.

Speaker 5: 21:57 Well, one of the things that you were combating for a while there was that you tended to drink a lot before. If we went out to eat, you would drink a lot before the meal got there. And then, and that’s a good thing and that’s a bad thing and it’s a good thing in that it helps to fill your stomach but it’s a bad thing and that you’re not getting much nutrition from the liquid at that point. Do you still find yourself doing that when you go to a restaurant?

Speaker 6: 22:26 I think it’s I think I may. It’s mainly now whenever I have burgers it’s mainly cause of the fries. I can’t help myself. Like I always fill up with fries and I can never really eat well. I think it’s a combination of the drink and the fries. Now. I wanna try to start doing that. Put it’s hard too cause I’ve gotten so used to doing it. But I definitely think that’s an area I continue, continue, can continue to work on. But the thing is whenever we have dinner normally, like I, like I have a small ball, I have the small bottles of soda and I drink like half of it and barely and eat my dinner. But like,

Speaker 5: 23:13 And that’s the interesting at home you don’t drink a lot for a meal, you know, a bottle of a small bottle of, you know, eight ounce bottle of soda can last you two, maybe two and a half meals. It only seems to be when you’re out that you tend to drink more.

Speaker 6: 23:30 Yeah, I still don’t get that. Yeah, it was interesting. Like I’m pretty sure the little soda can is like like you could have the, the cup of soda and it would be like one and a half I think of the sodas and I would drink like almost two of them to one and a half of them.

Speaker 5: 23:53 Yeah, that’s, that’s interesting. Yeah. Maybe it’s just the environment that German that happened. I don’t know. So when we come back, I want to kinda talk about what your pun intended tastes in food are.

Speaker 2: 24:06 Okay.

Speaker 5: 24:13 So we do go out probably more often than most people do. And when we go out, we try to go out to different restaurants as frequently as possible. We don’t like to eat at the same ones all the time. Yeah. So the typically, what is your preferred menu? Give us some examples of some of the types of food that you enjoy to eat.

Speaker 6: 24:35 Well, normally whenever we would go out to any type of diner or restaurant, I would typically get a cheeseburger with fries and a side of Mayo. Now, because I like

Speaker 5: 24:47 Who is your big in? May I? Yeah.

Speaker 6: 24:49 Yup. And that would kind of be my typical meal. Like that’s normally what I get almost anywhere we go.

Speaker 5: 24:59 Okay. So that would make for a lunch or dinner meal. What would your alternative be if you couldn’t get a burger or if you’d already had a burger?

Speaker 6: 25:09 Mmm, Mmm.

Speaker 5: 25:16 Like what’d you have today?

Speaker 6: 25:18 Today I had chicken fingers only because we had Chinese and I just felt like getting them.

Speaker 5: 25:27 Okay. So chicken fingers is an alternative you would do? If we go to Dave and Buster’s, what would you normally do?

Speaker 6: 25:36 Me and mommy would share the caveman combo, which is basically, I just have mini burgers with fries.

Speaker 5: 25:43 Okay, so burgers again there? Yeah. Okay, that’s fine. Let’s see. What if we go out to an Italian restaurant, let’s say taste spaghetti. So a pasta there. So we’re not eating a cheeseburger there. That’s good.

Speaker 6: 25:58 Yeah. Pasta and cheeseburger.

Speaker 5: 25:59 Okay, so I, it’s a decent selection of food that you, you eat and you get a decent spread. How are you with vegetables? Tell us how much you love vegetables.

Speaker 6: 26:10 Mmm,

Speaker 6: 26:13 I’m not a big fan of them. Especially steamed ones. Like I can eat fresh ones because I like them because they’re crunchy and sweet in some way. But whenever their microwave, whether the microwave ones or whenever mommy boils them on a pod, then I really don’t want them. It’ll look a mushy. Nope. And with salad, it depends on the salad. I really don’t like, like the salads we normally get, have the crunchy parts and I’m, I really don’t find a lot of them tasty. They have a lot of other ingredients that I probably wouldn’t really want to eat. But I do eat salad at whenever we go to Charlie Brown’s I just had them. Yeah.

Speaker 5: 26:53 A salad bar. You can make it the way you want it. Yeah. You don’t have to eat kale at that point.

Speaker 6: 27:00 I definitely think I’m better with fruits than I am with vegetables though.

Speaker 5: 27:03 And I think most people aren’t just cause they’re sweeter.

Speaker 6: 27:06 Yeah. and I know and like I do some reason I’ve started just like we have, we have tomatoes and I, and I’m a fan of tomatoes, but I’ve started just taking one of the small bowls and filling it with our tomatoes and eating it for my snack because I like them and they’re healthy

Speaker 5: 27:29 And they are, I, I don’t particularly care for him cause I don’t want to make the texture. But there are very good a very good food to eat from nutrition standards.

Speaker 6: 27:38 Oh yeah. Mommy also normally packs me a pack of grapes.

Speaker 5: 27:43 Okay. Rapes are good too.

Speaker 6: 27:44 Although I really don’t love them. I will eat them because sometimes they’re good. I just don’t like the real emotional ones. I think that’s the same with like anything. I don’t like mushy stuff. Like I don’t like,

Speaker 5: 27:58 My problem too is I don’t like the texture of tomatoes. So that might be the same thing for you.

Speaker 6: 28:02 I don’t like mushy bananas. I don’t like any Moshi Moshi fruit or mushy vegetable. Right. Honestly, I just like the solid one.

Speaker 5: 28:10 So. So let’s talk. So we’ve got lunch and dinner covered. So let’s talk breakfast. What would your ideal breakfast food be besides pancakes? Because we’ve already talked about pancakes. You like eggs. Do you like French toast

Speaker 6: 28:30 Occasions? Waffles? Yes, but I don’t have them as much as I have pancakes.

Speaker 5: 28:36 Right. how about bacon? I know you love bacon.

Speaker 6: 28:39 Nope. Nope. I do not like Vegas. Everyone here I do now like bake, just know that

Speaker 5: 28:46 Any breakfast meats, pork roll, scrapple sausage, anything.

Speaker 6: 28:50 I typically don’t like eat meat. Okay. So the thing is the maintenance

Speaker 5: 28:56 For breakfast. You eat meat for any other, any other meal though, sir? Nope. Believe that. Well, you just sat here and told me that almost every meal you have as a cheeseburger. That’s a meat sweetheart. I hate to break it to ya. She’s, I get it. Okay. What won’t you eat? What is absolutely off the table?

Speaker 6: 29:18 Mmm. Pork roll bacon. Certain types of chicken. Pretty much most pork and some steak except

Speaker 5: 29:29 Not just talking to me, but any foods is one in particular. I’m shooting for here. Great.

Speaker 6: 29:38 Mmm. For your braces came from my brace. Oh, pudding.

Speaker 5: 29:45 Yeah.

Speaker 6: 29:47 I will not eat pudding or jello.

Speaker 5: 29:49 How about yogurt or yogurt? No, none of the mushy stuff that you had to eat. You were forced to eat while you’re on a soft food diet.

Speaker 6: 29:57 Trust me, those two months of having to eat those foods, I will literally throw them out if I see them. Like one time I was in my summer camp, we were served putting for our snack and I literally saw the people eat and I literally just wanted to throw up.

Speaker 5: 30:14 Wow. So just to sort of bring us back on topic since the theme of this podcast is eating disorders based on your eating habits. And again, I am not an expert, but based on your eating habits, I don’t think you’ve got any food disorders, any kind of obsessive compulsive habits regarding your food. I don’t think you have an unhealthy eating lifestyle. Do you take vitamins and vitamin supplements of any sort?

Speaker 6: 30:47 Yeah, whenever I’m normally in pain or when I’m about to go to the orthodontist cause that’s always painful. Yeah, I take the pain relievers, vitamins. What vitamins are you mean?

Speaker 5: 31:00 Like Mary, you used to take your charitable vitamins.

Speaker 6: 31:03 Oh though.

Speaker 5: 31:04 So you don’t take any vitamin supplements?

Speaker 6: 31:07 No.

Speaker 5: 31:08 So you don’t, so with the eating habits that you have, you don’t take any vitamin supplements and yet you’re still fairly healthy. So I think you’re okay. My point is that I think you’re pretty much okay. Generally when, when, when you have eating issues, one of the ways that people tend to cover that up is by taking vitamin supplements to get the nutrition that they don’t get through their healthy eating habits. So my point is is that you have health, you have relatively healthy eating habits and you don’t need to be taking vitamin supplements and you’re still getting good checkups at the doctor.

Speaker 6: 31:46 Yeah, I can definitely say when I did have a small body image problem, I spoke a bit about this in the last video. I definitely thought that I was eating wrong because I was not, I wasn’t really that thin and I just, and that was the time where I thought I wasn’t eating healthy and I was afraid that I might have problems like you guys when I got older and I just got scared and,

Speaker 5: 32:20 And I’m, and I don’t think you’re going down that path at this point. Yeah. So that was really all that I had to talk about today. This was really kind of just a supplemental last week. Did you, we’ll come back, we’ll get your final thoughts. Closing remarks. I think we have a couple of programming and we’ll see where we go. So go for closing remarks.

Speaker 6: 32:51 Alrighty. So for those of you out there who are suffering from eating disorders like my F like daddy said in the beginning of the podcast, please go and try and seek some medical help that and I assure you it’ll definitely help you. Even though I, I’m not suffering from any real eating disorders, I definitely know that there are people who do. And the best way to cope with it is to try and tell yourself and is to try and look at, well at least find if you have suffered from any of these symptoms or just are having problems with being healthy anyway and hopefully medical help will be able to help you in case if your eating disorder is too much.

Speaker 5: 33:41 Okay. Any shout outs this week

Speaker 6: 33:44 I’m going to give a shout out to someone who I know doesn’t have an eating disorder but has definitely gone the long way. I’m giving a shout out to your daddy. You used to eat a lot of junk food and luckily you realized it at a good time. Well, sort of you started to eat healthier snacks and harsh trying to stop snacking overall. And I definitely applaud you for that. Because you’ve definitely tried to take a big step even though you really don’t have an eating disorder. You’ve definitely tried to stop eating unhealthy and I’ve started eating a little more healthy even though you really don’t work out too much.

Speaker 5: 34:25 Okay. Well thank you sweetie. That’s very nice of you and saying, so just a quick programming note. We have one more podcast next week before the holidays. We will be taking a break over the holidays and I think we’re taking two weeks off from podcasting. Part of that will be traveling for some of it, so we’re not taking the studio with us. Next week we will be doing a Christmas themed podcast. We will be talking about the origins of Santa and we’ll be asking biting questions like, is Santa real and do you believe in Santa?

Speaker 6: 35:09 Just saying, if yes, if you’re like, I don’t know if you still are.

Speaker 5: 35:16 Well we don’t want to give any spoilers away. We will have a, you know, a disclaimer for parents to see in the beginning of that. But it is it’ll be a fun podcast. We won’t be ruining anybody’s Christmas with it. Now we’ll be talking about the, the facts surrounding it, some of the traditions. And we’ll be ending it on a, a little special presentation that all the hosts on the podcast network have put together. We did a little recording and some video and kind of a little special Christmas card from the podcast. Yeah. Anything else that we need to announce? I guess where you can find all our podcasts and we’ll do it on our contact. You can email us@commentsandinsightsintothings.com. You can hit us on Twitter at insights on their score, things you can get our video podcasts on youtube.com/insights into things. You can get our audio podcasts on, podcast@podcastdotinsightsintoteens.com. You can hit us on Facebook at facebook.com/insights into things podcast, or you can get us on our website where we have all of our videos, audio transcriptions, and show notes@wwwdotinsightsintothings.com and other than that, I think we’re done. Yep. That’s it. Another one in the books. We’re outta here.

Show Notes

  • Introductions
    • Insights Into Teens Episode 45 “Eating Disorders”
    • My brilliant and beautiful co-host Madison Whalen
  • What are Eating Disorders
    • https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/eating-disorders/what-are-eating-disorders
    • http://bit.ly/2OXKhCd
      • Eating disorders are illnesses in which the people experience severe disturbances in their eating behaviors and related thoughts and emotions. People with eating disorders typically become pre-occupied with food and their body weight.

        In many cases, eating disorders occur together with other psychiatric disorders like anxiety, panic, obsessive compulsive disorder and alcohol and drug abuse problems. New evidence suggests that heredity may play a part in why certain people develop eating disorders, but these disorders also afflict many people who have no prior family history. Without treatment of both the emotional and physical symptoms of these disorders, malnutrition, heart problems and other potentially fatal conditions can result. However, with proper medical care, those with eating disorders can resume suitable eating habits, and return to better emotional and psychological health.
  • Types of Eating Disorders
    • https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/learn/by-eating-disorder/anorexia
    • http://bit.ly/2YqvUcE
       
      • Anorexia Nervosa
      • An eating disorder characterized by weight loss (or lack of appropriate weight gain in growing children); difficulties maintaining an appropriate body weight for height, age, and stature; and, in many individuals, distorted body image. People with anorexia generally restrict the number of calories and the types of food they eat. Some people with the disorder also exercise compulsively, purge via vomiting and laxatives, and/or binge eat.
         
        • WARNING SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF ANOREXIA NERVOSA
          • Emotional and behavioral
            • Dramatic weight loss
            • Dresses in layers to hide weight loss or stay warm
            • Is preoccupied with weight, food, calories, fat grams, and dieting
            • Refuses to eat certain foods, progressing to restrictions against whole categories of food (e.g., no carbohydrates, etc.)
            • Makes frequent comments about feeling “fat” or overweight despite weight loss
            • Complains of constipation, abdominal pain, cold intolerance, lethargy, and/or excess energy
            • Denies feeling hungry
            • Develops food rituals (e.g., eating foods in certain orders, excessive chewing, rearranging food on a plate)
            • Cooks meals for others without eating
            • Consistently makes excuses to avoid mealtimes or situations involving food
            • Expresses a need to “burn off” calories taken in
            • Maintains an excessive, rigid exercise regimen – despite weather, fatigue, illness, or injury
            • Withdraws from usual friends and activities and becomes more isolated, withdrawn, and secretive
            • Seems concerned about eating in public
            • Has limited social spontaneity
            • Resists or is unable to maintain a body weight appropriate for their age, height, and build
            • Has intense fear of weight gain or being “fat,” even though underweight
            • Has disturbed experience of body weight or shape, undue influence of weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of low body weight
            • Postpuberty female loses menstrual period
            • Feels ineffective
            • Has strong need for control
            • Shows inflexible thinking
            • Has overly restrained initiative and emotional expression
               
          • Physical
            • Stomach cramps, other non-specific gastrointestinal complaints (constipation, acid reflux, etc.)
            • Difficulties concentrating
            • Abnormal laboratory findings (anemia, low thyroid and hormone levels, low potassium, low blood cell counts, slow heart rate)
            • Dizziness
            • Fainting/syncope
            • Feeling cold all the time
            • Sleep problems
            • Menstrual irregularities—amenorrhea, irregular periods or only having a period while on hormonal contraceptives (this is not considered a “true” period)
            • Cuts and calluses across the top of finger joints (a result of inducing vomiting)
            • Dental problems, such as enamel erosion, cavities, and tooth sensitivity
            • Dry skin
            • Dry and brittle nails
            • Swelling around area of salivary glands
            • Fine hair on body (lanugo)
            • Thinning of hair on head, dry and brittle hair
            • Cavities, or discoloration of teeth, from vomiting
            • Muscle weakness
            • Yellow skin (in context of eating large amounts of carrots)
            • Cold, mottled hands and feet or swelling of feet
            • Poor wound healing
            • Impaired immune functioning
               
      • Bulimia Nervosa
      • A serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a cycle of bingeing and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting designed to undo or compensate for the effects of binge eating.
         
        • WARNING SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF BULIMIA NERVOSA
          • Emotional and behavioral
            • In general, behaviors and attitudes indicate that weight loss, dieting, and control of food are becoming primary concerns
            • Evidence of binge eating, including disappearance of large amounts of food in short periods of time or lots of empty wrappers and containers indicating consumption of large amounts of food 
            • Evidence of purging behaviors, including frequent trips to the bathroom after meals, signs and/or smells of vomiting, presence of wrappers or packages of laxatives or diuretics
            • Appears uncomfortable eating around others
            • Develops food rituals (e.g. eats only a particular food or food group [e.g. condiments], excessive chewing, doesn’t allow foods to touch)
            • Skips meals or takes small portions of food at regular meals
            • Disappears after eating, often to the bathroom
            • Any new practice with food or fad diets, including cutting out entire food groups (no sugar, no carbs, no dairy, vegetarianism/veganism)
            • Fear of eating in public or with others
            • Steals or hoards food in strange places 
            • Drinks excessive amounts of water or non-caloric beverages 
            • Uses excessive amounts of mouthwash, mints, and gum 
            • Hides body with baggy clothes 
            • Maintains excessive, rigid exercise regimen – despite weather, fatigue, illness, or injury—due to the need to “burn off ” calories 
            • Shows unusual swelling of the cheeks or jaw area 
            • Has calluses on the back of the hands and knuckles from self- induced vomiting
            • Teeth are discolored, stained 
            • Creates lifestyle schedules or rituals to make time for binge-and-purge sessions 
            • Withdraws from usual friends and activities
            • Looks bloated from fluid retention 
            • Frequently diets 
            • Shows extreme concern with body weight and shape 
            • Frequent checking in the mirror for perceived flaws in appearance
            • Has secret recurring episodes of binge eating (eating in a discrete period of time an amount of food that is much larger than most individuals would eat under similar circumstances); feels lack of control over ability to stop eating 
            • Purges after a binge (e.g. self-induced vomiting, abuse of laxatives, diet pills and/or diuretics, excessive exercise, fasting) 
            • Extreme mood swings
               
          • Physical
            • Noticeable fluctuations in weight, both up and down
            • Body weight is typically within the normal weight range; may be overweight
            • Stomach cramps, other non-specific gastrointestinal complaints (constipation, acid reflux, etc.)
            • Difficulties concentrating
            • Abnormal laboratory findings (anemia, low thyroid and hormone levels, low potassium, low blood cell counts, slow heart rate)
            • Dizziness
            • Fainting/syncope
            • Feeling cold all the time
            • Sleep problems
            • Cuts and calluses across the top of finger joints (a result of inducing vomiting)
            • Dental problems, such as enamel erosion, cavities, and tooth sensitivity
            • Dry skin
            • Dry and brittle nails
            • Swelling around area of salivary glands
            • Fine hair on body
            • Thinning of hair on head, dry and brittle hair (lanugo)
            • Cavities, or discoloration of teeth, from vomiting
            • Muscle weakness
            • Yellow skin (in context of eating large amounts of carrots)
            • Cold, mottled hands and feet or swelling of feet
            • Menstrual irregularities — missing periods or only having a period while on hormonal contraceptives (this is not considered a “true” period)
            • Poor wound healing
            • Impaired immune functioning
               
          • Many people with bulimia nervosa also struggle with co-occurring conditions, such as:
            • Self-injury (cutting and other forms of self-harm without suicidal intention)
            • Substance abuse
            • Impulsivity (risky sexual behaviors, shoplifting, etc.)
            • Diabulimia (intentional misuse of insulin for type 1 diabetes)
               
      • Binge eating disorder (BED)
      • A severe, life-threatening, and treatable eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of eating large quantities of food (often very quickly and to the point of discomfort); a feeling of a loss of control during the binge; experiencing shame, distress or guilt afterwards; and not regularly using unhealthy compensatory measures (e.g., purging) to counter the binge eating. It is the most common eating disorder in the United States.
         
        • WARNING SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF BINGE EATING DISORDER
          • Emotional and behavioral
            • Evidence of binge eating, including disappearance of large amounts of food in short periods of time or lots of empty wrappers and containers indicating consumption of large amounts of food.
            • Appears uncomfortable eating around others
            • Any new practice with food or fad diets, including cutting out entire food groups (no sugar, no carbs, no dairy, vegetarianism/veganism)
            • Fear of eating in public or with others
            • Steals or hoards food in strange places 
            • Creates lifestyle schedules or rituals to make time for binge sessions 
            • Withdraws from usual friends and activities
            • Frequently diets 
            • Shows extreme concern with body weight and shape 
            • Frequent checking in the mirror for perceived flaws in appearance
            • Has secret recurring episodes of binge eating (eating in a discrete period of time an amount of food that is much larger than most individuals would eat under similar circumstances); feels lack of control over ability to stop eating 
            • Disruption in normal eating behaviors, including eating throughout the day with no planned mealtimes; skipping meals or taking small portions of food at regular meals; engaging in sporadic fasting or repetitive dieting
            • Developing food rituals (e.g., eating only a particular food or food group [e.g., condiments], excessive chewing, and not allowing foods to touch).
            • Eating alone out of embarrassment at the quantity of food being eaten
            • Feelings of disgust, depression, or guilt after overeating
            • Fluctuations in weight
            • Feelings of low self-esteem
               
          • Physical
            • Noticeable fluctuations in weight, both up and down
            • Stomach cramps, other non-specific gastrointestinal complaints (constipation, acid reflux, etc.)
            • Difficulties concentrating
               
  • Closing Remarks and Shoutouts

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