Insights Into Teens: Episode 110 “Cultural Appropriation”

This week we are talking about Cultural Appropriation. We will help you understand what cultural appropriation is by looking at the meanings associated with the phrase and other vocabulary associated with cultural appropriation. We’ll take a look at some real world examples of cultural appropriation and why they are considered cultural appropriation. And finally we’ll look at ways to know if something is cultural appropriation and how to avoid cultural appropriation in our everyday lives.

Show Notes

INTRO THEME]

  • [INTRODUCTIONS]
    • Insights Into Teens: Episode 110 “Cultural Appropriation”
    • My compassionate and understanding co-host Madison Whalen
       
  • [Summary]
    • This week we are talking about Cultural Appropriation. We will help you understand what cultural appropriation is by looking at the meanings associated with the phrase and other vocabulary associated with cultural appropriation. We’ll take a look at some real world examples of cultural appropriation and why they are considered cultural appropriation. And finally we’ll look at ways to know if something is cultural appropriation and how to avoid cultural appropriation in our everyday lives.
  • [Show Plugs]

[TRANSITION]

   [SEGMENT 1] 

Defining Cultural Appropriation

https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-cultural-appropriation-5070458

https://bit.ly/2T3HWKF

  • Let’s first consider what is meant by each of the terms in the phrase as well as some related terms that are important to understand.
  • Culture
    • Culture refers to anything associated with a group of people based on their ethnicity, religion, geography, or social environment. 
    • This might include beliefs, traditions, language, objects, ideas, behaviors, customs, values, or institutions. 
    • Most often, culture is thought of as belonging to particular ethnic groups.
  • Appropriation
    • Appropriation refers to taking something that doesn’t belong to you and most often refers to an exchange that happens when a dominant group takes or borrows something from a minority group that has historically been exploited or oppressed.
    • In this sense, appropriation involves a lack of understanding of or appreciation for the historical context that influences the act of what is being taken. 
    • For example, taking a sacred object from a culture and producing it as part of a Halloween costume.
  • Cultural Denigration
    • Cultural denigration refers to when someone adopts an element of a culture with the sole purpose of humiliating or putting down people of that culture.
    • The most obvious example of this is blackface, which originated as a way to put down people of color as having certain undesirable personality traits.
  • Cultural Appreciation & Respect
    • Cultural appreciation is the respectful borrowing of elements from another culture with an interest in sharing ideas and diversifying oneself.
    • Examples would include learning martial arts from an instructor with an understanding of the practice from a cultural perspective or eating Indian food at an authentic Indian restaurant.
    • When done correctly, cultural appreciation can result in creative hybrids that blend cultures together.

[AD1: SSE]

[SEGMENT 2]

Examples of Cultural Appropriation


What are some examples of cultural appropriation? First, let’s consider the types of items that tend to be the target of cultural appropriation.

  • Intellectual property
    • Patents, copyright, industrial designs, trademarks
  • Artifacts
    • Pottery, weaponry, artwork, tools, manuscripts/writings
  • Dance
    • China: Dragon dance, Japan: Kabuki, Ukraine: Cossack Dance, Native American: Hoop, Hopi Snake, Rain, Stomp dances
  • Clothing and fashion
    • India: Sari, Japan: Kimono, Scotland: Kilt
  • Language
    • All languages are cultural in their nature
  • Music
    • Music can be tied to ethnicity, geographic location, religious in cultural significance 
  • Food
    • By necessity tied to geographic location, can have religious influence
  • Religious symbols
    • Christianity: Cross, Judiasim: Star of David, Buddhism: Wheel of Dharma, Druidism: Triskelion, Islam: Star and Crescent, Norse polytheism: Mjölnir

Now, let’s consider the groups that are typically targeted in terms of cultural appropriation in the United States. They include the following groups of people:

  • African Americans
  • Asian Americans
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Native Americans


Finally, what are some examples of cultural appropriation from popular culture? Below are some to consider.

  • Rock ‘N’ Roll
    • In the 1950s, white musicians “invented” rock and roll; however, the musical style was borrowed from Black musicians who never received credit.
    • Music executives chose to promote white performers over Black performers, reinforcing the idea that cultural appropriation involves impacts on a non-dominant group.
  • Sweat Lodge
    • In 2011, motivational entrepreneur James Arthur Ray was convicted of three counts of negligent homicide after the death of three participants in his pseudo sweat lodge. 
    • This is an extreme example of the cultural appropriation of Native American traditions.
  • Voguing
    • Do you remember the “voguing” craze made popular by Madonna back in the 1990s? 
    • Voguing as a dance actually had its roots in the gay clubs of New York City, and was pioneered by the Black and Latin communities.
    • Madonna defends her right to artistic expression but the question remains—how many people still think Madonna invented voguing?
  • Team Mascots
    • Major sports teams in the United States and Canada are involved in cultural appropriation because of the names of the teams.
    • Past and present team name examples include the Chicago Blackhawks, Cleveland Indians, Washington Redskins, and Edmonton Eskimos. 
    • Redskin is a derogatory term for indigenous people and the term Eskimo has been rejected by the Inuit community. 
    • Once again, if you aren’t sure if something is cultural appropriation, you need look no further than the reaction of the group from whom the cultural element was taken.

[AD2: ENTERTAINMENT]

[SEGMENT 3] 

How to Know If Something Is Cultural Appropriation

Are you unsure how to decide if something is cultural appropriation? Here are some questions to ask yourself in this situation:

  • What is your goal with what you are doing?
  • Are you following a trend or exploring the history of a culture?
  • Are you deliberately trying to insult someone’s culture or being disrespectful?
  • Are you purchasing something that is a reproduction of a culture or an original? (e.g., artwork)
  • How would people from the culture you are borrowing an item from feel about what you are doing?
  • Are there any stereotypes involved in what you are doing?
  • Are you using a sacred item in a flippant or fun way? (e.g., headdress)
  • Are you borrowing something from an ancient culture and pretending that it is new?
  • Are you crediting the source or inspiration of what you are doing?
  • If a person of the original culture were to do what you are doing, would they be viewed as “cool” or could they possibly face discrimination?
  • Are you wearing a costume that represents a culture? (e.g., Geisha girl, tribal wear)
  • Are you ignoring the cultural significance of something in favor of following a trend?

Explore these questions and always aim to show sensitivity when adopting elements from another culture. If you do realize that something you have done is wrong, it’s OK to accept that as a mistake and then work to change it and/or apologize for it.

How to Avoid Cultural Appropriation

  • Ask yourself the list of questions above to begin to explore the underlying motivation for what you are doing.
  • Give credit or recognize the origin of items that you borrow or promote from other cultures rather than claiming them to be your own original ideas.
  • Take the time to learn about and truly appreciate a culture before you borrow or adopt elements of that culture. Learn from those who are members of the culture, visit venues run by actual members of a culture (such as restaurants), and attend authentic events (such as going to a real luau).
  • Support small businesses run by original members of a culture rather than buying mass-produced items from big box stores that are made to represent a culture.
  • Be respectful. All cultures have traditions, histories, artwork, food and other associated cultural treasures that are subject to cultural appropriation. Understand this and be sure to cherish and respect those of your culture and other people’s cultures.

In Conclusion

  • Cultural appropriation is the social equivalent of plagiarism with an added dose of denigration. 
  • It’s something to be avoided at all costs, and something to educate yourself about.
  • In addition to watching your own actions, it’s important to be mindful of the actions of corporations and be choosy about how you spend your dollars, as that is another way of supporting members of the non-dominant culture. 
  • Do what you can when you can, as you learn to do better.

[TRANSITION]

[OUTRO AND CREDITS]

Transcription

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[Music]

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insightful podcasts

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[Music]

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by informative hosts

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[Music]

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insights into things a podcast network

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[Music]

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welcome to insights into teens a podcast

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series exploring the issues and

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challenges

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of today’s youth your hosts are joseph

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and madison whalen

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a father and daughter team making their

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way through the challenges of the

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teenage years

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[Applause]

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welcome to insights into teens this is

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episode

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110 cultural appropriation

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i’m your host joseph whalen and my

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compassionate

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and understanding co-host madison whalen

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hi everyone

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how you doing today maddie i’m doing all

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right how about you

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doing all right a little hot today uh i

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think we got up in the 90s today

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hottest day of the year so far yep but

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that’s what they make air conditioning

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for

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yeah anything exciting going on this

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week

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uh i just have a couple of quizzes and

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tests and stuff nothing really too big

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okay well it seems like an easy week

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then

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so this week we are talking about

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cultural appropriation

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we’ll help you understand what cultural

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appropriation is

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by looking at the meanings associated

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with the phrase

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and other vocabulary associated with

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cultural appropriation

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we’ll take a look at some real world

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examples of cultural appropriation and

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why they’re considered cultural

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appropriation and finally look we’ll

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look at ways to know if something is

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cultural appropriation

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and how to avoid cultural appropriation

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in our everyday lives

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ready to get started sure all right

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[Music]

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so the research for this week’s podcast

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actually comes from verywellmind.com

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which we’ve used several times in the

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past

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so let’s first consider what’s meant by

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each of the terms in the phrase

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cultural appropriation as well as some

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of the related terms

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that are important to understand why

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don’t you tell us what these terms mean

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so for the first word in the phrase

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culture culture refers to anything

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associated with a group of people based

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on their

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ethnicity religion geography

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or social environment this might include

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beliefs traditions

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language objects ideas behaviors customs

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values or

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institutions most often

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culture is thought of as belonging to a

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particular

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to particular ethnic groups yes it

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it is often attributed to ethnic groups

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but there are different types of culture

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out there you can have religious culture

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you can have geographic culture a lot of

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the nationalism that happens can be

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considered a culture

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you know people that are pro-american

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that’s a culture

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okay uh from a religious standpoint you

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know

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being jewish is a culture as well

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uh being uh muslim is a culture

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there are traditions and everything that

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go along with that as well

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so it’s not just ethnicity a lot of what

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we see

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today with cultural appropriation has to

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do with ethnicity with

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african-american cultural appropriation

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or

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native american or indigenous people

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appropriation as well

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so it’s important to keep in mind that

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it’s not just ethnicity it’s other

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things

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okay so what do we mean by appropriation

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so appropriation refers to taking

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something that doesn’t belong to you and

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most often refers to

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an exchange that happens when a dominant

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group takes or borrows something from

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from a minority group that has

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historically been

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exploited or oppressed in this sense

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appropriation involves a lack of

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understanding or of appreciation

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for the historical context that

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influences

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the act of what is being taken for

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example

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taking a sacred object from a culture

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and producing it as part of a halloween

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costume

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and that’s one that’s a very common form

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of cultural appropriation

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but we also see it in other forms such

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as

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sports teams and mascots there’s another

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one that’s very

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uh much in the news today so there are

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different ways to appropriate it

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one other thing that’s associated with

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cultural appropriation but it is

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different is

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cultural denigration tell us about that

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cultural denigration refers to when

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someone adapts an element of a culture

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with the sole purpose of you of

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humiliating or putting down people of

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that culture

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the most obvious example of this is

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blackface

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which is which originated as a way to

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put down people of color as having

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certain

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undesirable personality traits yeah

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blackface is something i don’t know if

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you’re familiar with blackface

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i think i’ve heard of it before it’s

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something that

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sort of came out of the vauldville era

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where you had

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white actors who would put on black

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makeup

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and portray themselves as african

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americans but they would do it in a way

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that

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was um

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[Music]

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insensitive and portraying stereotypes

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of uh popular stereotypes at the time

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of uh african americans at the time so

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it was

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not at all an accurate depiction of the

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culture

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and it was deliberately meant to be used

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at the expense

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of members of that culture

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[Music]

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another example of this is all of the

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or most of the television western shows

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in the 1950s and 60s with the cowboys

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and indians

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and you know the indians were all played

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by white actors

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that were in makeup and the indians were

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always portrayed

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as being uneducated

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um not very smart savages

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and just they were the bad guys you know

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when you played cowboys in indiana’s

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like you were the indians you were the

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bad guys

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um so that was another form of cultural

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denigration that was

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predominant through the 40s 50s and 60s

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now the flip side of all that is

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cultural appropriation and respect

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let’s talk a little bit about that i

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think you mean appreciation

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yes yes sorry

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cultural appreciation and respect yes

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cultural appreciation is the respectful

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borrowing of elements from another

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culture with an

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interest in sharing ideas and

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diversifying oneself

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examples would include learning martial

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arts from an instructor with an

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understanding of the practice from a

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cultural perspective or eating indian

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food

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at an authentic authentic indian

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restaurant

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when done correctly cultural

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appreciation can result in creative

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hybrids that blend cultures together

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and this is really as a society this is

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really what we should be striving for

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because the one wonderful advantage that

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we have in this country is we have

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such a diverse culture

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we have so many different cultures that

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we can sample from and you see this a

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lot

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um when we go into the city you know if

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we go into the city to a convention or

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something like that

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you can drive five or six blocks and go

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through four different cultures

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and you get different styles of dress

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different styles of food you get to

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experience

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all of these things in this you know

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wonderful melting pot that we have

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and that appreciation of those cultures

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makes us better for that you know for

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for the longest time i didn’t get to

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experience

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indian culture or chinese culture

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um but when you venture into the city

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most cities are like this you have all

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these ethnic groups that tend to

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congregate in their own areas of the

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city

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and you can walk from neighborhood the

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neighborhood and

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it’s almost like traveling around the

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world

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it really is the the richness that you

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get from the cultures

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and it’s something to appreciate um

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and i think a lot of people kind of

0:09:16.000,0:09:19.200
take that sort of thing for granted

0:09:17.600,0:09:19.760
especially a lot of people who live in

0:09:19.200,0:09:22.320
the city

0:09:19.760,0:09:24.720
take it for granted that it’s there uh

0:09:22.320,0:09:25.519
coming from a suburban lifestyle like i

0:09:24.720,0:09:27.519
did

0:09:25.519,0:09:29.279
you didn’t have any of that stuff you

0:09:27.519,0:09:30.560
know the first time that i got to travel

0:09:29.279,0:09:33.519
through the city

0:09:30.560,0:09:34.560
i was amazed at the diversity that you

0:09:33.519,0:09:37.680
had there and

0:09:34.560,0:09:40.320
and just the variety that you had when

0:09:37.680,0:09:42.560
you went from block to block

0:09:40.320,0:09:43.920
you’ve experienced that you know when we

0:09:42.560,0:09:45.920
go into the city what are your what are

0:09:43.920,0:09:48.080
your thoughts on that level of diversity

0:09:45.920,0:09:51.120
that a city brings you here

0:09:48.080,0:09:52.720
well it’s definitely really cool to see

0:09:51.120,0:09:54.640
all these different cultures being

0:09:52.720,0:09:57.920
represented

0:09:54.640,0:10:01.519
while you just walk a few a few blocks

0:09:57.920,0:10:04.480
it’s really amazing how far we’ve come

0:10:01.519,0:10:06.399
and how much appreciation and diversity

0:10:04.480,0:10:10.640
we have right now

0:10:06.399,0:10:13.440
and i get to experience other cultures

0:10:10.640,0:10:15.040
that if we didn’t go into the city or

0:10:13.440,0:10:17.040
this wasn’t happening

0:10:15.040,0:10:18.560
i probably would have never experienced

0:10:17.040,0:10:20.480
or learned about

0:10:18.560,0:10:21.920
unless i was of course in history

0:10:20.480,0:10:23.920
absolutely

0:10:21.920,0:10:25.920
and the other thing that we have the

0:10:23.920,0:10:26.480
advantage of is you know we travel to

0:10:25.920,0:10:29.839
disney

0:10:26.480,0:10:32.000
frequently and one of the shining

0:10:29.839,0:10:34.560
examples of cultural diversity

0:10:32.000,0:10:37.200
is going to epcot where you can

0:10:34.560,0:10:39.920
literally walk from country to country

0:10:37.200,0:10:41.760
and it’s not unlike other things in

0:10:39.920,0:10:44.800
disney it’s not

0:10:41.760,0:10:47.440
actors that are in a costume

0:10:44.800,0:10:49.279
portraying these roles these are actual

0:10:47.440,0:10:50.640
residents of these countries that they

0:10:49.279,0:10:53.440
come in and they’re they’re part

0:10:50.640,0:10:54.320
most of them are part of the uh disney

0:10:53.440,0:10:56.160
university

0:10:54.320,0:10:57.839
program and and they’re part of their

0:10:56.160,0:11:01.120
exchange students and they live

0:10:57.839,0:11:03.200
on property for periods of time but

0:11:01.120,0:11:05.279
they run the venues they run the

0:11:03.200,0:11:05.920
restaurants and the stores and the shops

0:11:05.279,0:11:08.079
and everything

0:11:05.920,0:11:10.320
oh i never knew that yeah and they’re

0:11:08.079,0:11:13.360
actually you know we go to mexico

0:11:10.320,0:11:14.720
those are actual you know residents of

0:11:13.360,0:11:18.640
mexico who live there

0:11:14.720,0:11:20.640
are here on exchange um so it’s

0:11:18.640,0:11:22.640
there’s a level of authenticity there

0:11:20.640,0:11:23.839
that you wouldn’t normally expect with

0:11:22.640,0:11:28.000
disney

0:11:23.839,0:11:31.120
uh that’s an even more i think

0:11:28.000,0:11:32.880
vibrant experience going going into that

0:11:31.120,0:11:34.399
and experiencing that type of

0:11:32.880,0:11:36.880
environment

0:11:34.399,0:11:38.720
you know when we go to france you know

0:11:36.880,0:11:40.000
we ate at the restaurant in france the

0:11:38.720,0:11:42.320
one time

0:11:40.000,0:11:44.000
and our waitress was you know from a

0:11:42.320,0:11:44.800
little town outside of paris when we

0:11:44.000,0:11:48.160
talked to her and

0:11:44.800,0:11:50.560
like that’s really cool and and

0:11:48.160,0:11:52.000
they’re there to exchange their culture

0:11:50.560,0:11:54.399
which is what’s

0:11:52.000,0:11:56.320
what’s really nice i mean in the when

0:11:54.399,0:11:57.200
you experience that cultural exchange in

0:11:56.320,0:11:59.200
the cities

0:11:57.200,0:12:00.639
they’re not there for the purpose of

0:11:59.200,0:12:01.680
educating you they’re there to live

0:12:00.639,0:12:05.440
their lives

0:12:01.680,0:12:07.680
so you’re oftentimes fortunate enough to

0:12:05.440,0:12:10.160
experience that culture as part of that

0:12:07.680,0:12:13.120
regular life experience

0:12:10.160,0:12:14.800
but when you go to epcot they’re there

0:12:13.120,0:12:15.680
to educate you they’re there to share

0:12:14.800,0:12:18.639
their culture

0:12:15.680,0:12:20.399
they’re there to answer your questions

0:12:18.639,0:12:22.079
and and there’s always there’s tons of

0:12:20.399,0:12:23.120
questions that i always have when i show

0:12:22.079,0:12:25.600
up to to folks

0:12:23.120,0:12:27.600
you know from their traditional dress to

0:12:25.600,0:12:29.360
the foods to where they come from and

0:12:27.600,0:12:32.560
what they like about

0:12:29.360,0:12:35.600
where they lived you know it’s it’s

0:12:32.560,0:12:38.320
to me it’s very interesting to

0:12:35.600,0:12:40.240
get to know people on that level and

0:12:38.320,0:12:42.399
disney offers a very unique experience

0:12:40.240,0:12:43.920
for that

0:12:42.399,0:12:45.440
so we’re going to come back we know what

0:12:43.920,0:12:46.880
we’re talking about now as far as

0:12:45.440,0:12:47.839
cultural appropriation we’re going to

0:12:46.880,0:12:50.839
come back we’ll talk

0:12:47.839,0:12:52.240
some examples of uh cultural

0:12:50.839,0:12:55.600
appropriation

0:12:52.240,0:12:58.240
and uh put up some

0:12:55.600,0:12:58.880
some shiny examples of how not to

0:12:58.240,0:13:07.839
culturally

0:12:58.880,0:13:07.839
appropriate we’ll be right back

0:13:09.920,0:13:15.680
for over seven years the second sith

0:13:12.959,0:13:16.560
empire has been the premier community

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guild

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in the online game star wars the old

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0:13:20.800,0:13:25.519
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both on the web and on discord

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0:13:38.959,0:13:44.639
typical gaming group

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0:14:06.950,0:14:14.160
[Music]

0:14:11.920,0:14:17.440
so we’ve talked about a few examples of

0:14:14.160,0:14:21.040
cultural appropriation already but

0:14:17.440,0:14:22.720
there’s tons of examples

0:14:21.040,0:14:24.639
of cultural appropriation out there some

0:14:22.720,0:14:27.120
of which we might not even realize

0:14:24.639,0:14:28.079
is considered cultural appropriation

0:14:27.120,0:14:30.959
okay

0:14:28.079,0:14:32.160
um why don’t you go down we have a list

0:14:30.959,0:14:33.920
here let’s go down the list and we’ll

0:14:32.160,0:14:38.240
dissect that list

0:14:33.920,0:14:38.240
okay so the first on the list is

0:14:38.600,0:14:43.199
intellectual intellectual

0:14:40.880,0:14:44.399
intellectual property like patents

0:14:43.199,0:14:47.360
copyright

0:14:44.399,0:14:48.079
industrial designs and trademarks right

0:14:47.360,0:14:50.959
so

0:14:48.079,0:14:52.480
can you think of any examples of

0:14:50.959,0:14:56.880
intellectual property

0:14:52.480,0:14:59.839
that’s been culturally appropriated

0:14:56.880,0:14:59.839
um

0:15:02.160,0:15:08.399
how about something where somebody has a

0:15:05.360,0:15:08.800
uh copyright on a song yeah i was gonna

0:15:08.399,0:15:11.360
say

0:15:08.800,0:15:12.560
like i was thinking copyright what songs

0:15:11.360,0:15:15.279
like sticking to

0:15:12.560,0:15:18.079
the disney theme what’s the one song

0:15:15.279,0:15:23.040
that we always love to sing

0:15:18.079,0:15:23.040
that came from a popular disney movie um

0:15:24.480,0:15:29.680
uh oh uh we do the background vocals and

0:15:27.120,0:15:31.600
mommy does the main vocals

0:15:29.680,0:15:34.399
uh line sleeps tonight ryan sleeps

0:15:31.600,0:15:38.000
tonight that was a traditional african

0:15:34.399,0:15:39.759
song that was probably one of the best

0:15:38.000,0:15:42.800
examples of

0:15:39.759,0:15:44.720
a cultural appropriation because it

0:15:42.800,0:15:48.160
literally was stolen

0:15:44.720,0:15:51.519
from the the gentleman who wrote it

0:15:48.160,0:15:54.079
and made it popular in africa and it was

0:15:51.519,0:15:57.040
recorded by several different artists

0:15:54.079,0:15:59.519
in the west before disney got it and

0:15:57.040,0:16:03.120
used it in lion king

0:15:59.519,0:16:07.279
and eventually through the

0:16:03.120,0:16:10.560
charitable work of a lawyer

0:16:07.279,0:16:13.360
they disney eventually acknowledged

0:16:10.560,0:16:14.959
the wrong that was done to this

0:16:13.360,0:16:16.160
particular artist

0:16:14.959,0:16:18.160
and they did have a settlement where

0:16:16.160,0:16:21.440
they paid the family some money for

0:16:18.160,0:16:24.160
the art itself but we’re talking

0:16:21.440,0:16:25.279
30 40 years later so that’s a great

0:16:24.160,0:16:26.720
example of

0:16:25.279,0:16:28.560
intellectual property that’s been

0:16:26.720,0:16:30.720
appropriated

0:16:28.560,0:16:32.480
what’s the next one that we have the

0:16:30.720,0:16:35.600
next one we have is

0:16:32.480,0:16:38.240
artifacts pottery weaponry

0:16:35.600,0:16:38.959
artwork tools and manuscripts and

0:16:38.240,0:16:41.199
writing

0:16:38.959,0:16:44.000
so can you think of any examples that

0:16:41.199,0:16:47.680
might fit this description

0:16:44.000,0:16:50.880
um how about

0:16:47.680,0:16:52.959
something like art so the first one that

0:16:50.880,0:16:55.360
comes to mind to me

0:16:52.959,0:16:56.320
is native american cultural

0:16:55.360,0:16:59.680
appropriation

0:16:56.320,0:17:03.120
okay so a lot of native americans

0:16:59.680,0:17:04.319
have um their own native crafts that

0:17:03.120,0:17:08.000
they do

0:17:04.319,0:17:10.799
they’ll do clothing they’ll do

0:17:08.000,0:17:11.439
tapestries things like that and what

0:17:10.799,0:17:15.199
happens

0:17:11.439,0:17:15.839
is when you go to a touristy area say

0:17:15.199,0:17:18.559
somewhere

0:17:15.839,0:17:19.839
in oklahoma or texas or something like

0:17:18.559,0:17:22.160
that

0:17:19.839,0:17:24.079
you’ll a lot of people will go to the

0:17:22.160,0:17:27.039
native american

0:17:24.079,0:17:29.520
reservations and buy the stuff but what

0:17:27.039,0:17:32.559
happens is you have a lot of

0:17:29.520,0:17:35.200
nefarious merchants who copy

0:17:32.559,0:17:36.160
what they have and they mass produce it

0:17:35.200,0:17:40.160
and they sell it

0:17:36.160,0:17:43.360
at more main street mainstream stores

0:17:40.160,0:17:45.200
so instead of it being an authentic uh

0:17:43.360,0:17:47.760
garment that was made by a native

0:17:45.200,0:17:49.440
american it’s some knockoff somewhere

0:17:47.760,0:17:52.640
that was made in some factory

0:17:49.440,0:17:54.640
that is being passed off as that

0:17:52.640,0:17:56.080
so there’s cultural appropriation as far

0:17:54.640,0:18:00.000
as artifacts go

0:17:56.080,0:18:02.000
ah what about the next one we have

0:18:00.000,0:18:05.679
the next one we have is dan some

0:18:02.000,0:18:08.960
examples are from china the dragon dance

0:18:05.679,0:18:11.919
japan the kabuki

0:18:08.960,0:18:11.919
kabuki yeah

0:18:12.080,0:18:19.280
ukraine ukraine the cross sack dance

0:18:16.240,0:18:21.200
classic dance classic uh the native

0:18:19.280,0:18:24.799
american the hoop

0:18:21.200,0:18:28.080
the hoop dance the the hoppy snake

0:18:24.799,0:18:30.720
the rain dance and then the stomping

0:18:28.080,0:18:31.919
i listed a number of native american uh

0:18:30.720,0:18:32.720
dances in there because there were so

0:18:31.919,0:18:35.840
many in the

0:18:32.720,0:18:37.280
in the research that i did but what you

0:18:35.840,0:18:39.200
have that comes out of this may not

0:18:37.280,0:18:41.760
necessarily be

0:18:39.200,0:18:42.880
the exact dance but what you might get

0:18:41.760,0:18:46.320
would be something that’s

0:18:42.880,0:18:49.360
popularized that um

0:18:46.320,0:18:51.039
an artist might wind up doing

0:18:49.360,0:18:52.480
uh there were a couple of artists and i

0:18:51.039,0:18:54.640
should have wrote them down i did but

0:18:52.480,0:18:58.240
there were a number of artists

0:18:54.640,0:19:01.039
who have taken heat for taking

0:18:58.240,0:19:02.720
native american dance moves and and uh

0:19:01.039,0:19:03.679
african tribal dance moves and

0:19:02.720,0:19:08.640
incorporating them

0:19:03.679,0:19:08.640
into their dance routines and

0:19:09.039,0:19:16.720
the important thing is it’s not bad

0:19:12.880,0:19:19.919
to incorporate that into your routine

0:19:16.720,0:19:21.760
or your life or or whatever you’re doing

0:19:19.919,0:19:23.039
where you run into a problem is when you

0:19:21.760,0:19:26.320
don’t credit the

0:19:23.039,0:19:28.320
the origin of it where you you

0:19:26.320,0:19:30.640
take it you use it as your own and you

0:19:28.320,0:19:32.080
pretend that you came up with it

0:19:30.640,0:19:33.520
that’s really what cultural

0:19:32.080,0:19:35.520
appropriation is and that’s what a lot

0:19:33.520,0:19:37.600
of these artists were getting hit for

0:19:35.520,0:19:40.640
they weren’t crediting the origin of

0:19:37.600,0:19:43.039
some of the material that they had

0:19:40.640,0:19:45.840
so what’s the next one that we have the

0:19:43.039,0:19:49.440
next one we have is clothing in fashion

0:19:45.840,0:19:53.360
like from india the sorry sorry right

0:19:49.440,0:19:57.360
uh japan the kimono kimono yeah

0:19:53.360,0:20:01.440
kimono um and scotland the kilt the kilt

0:19:57.360,0:20:04.320
yeah so these are a couple of of uh very

0:20:01.440,0:20:06.000
common pieces of clothing that are

0:20:04.320,0:20:09.600
culturally significant to these

0:20:06.000,0:20:11.679
other areas of the world that again

0:20:09.600,0:20:12.720
very similar to the example that i gave

0:20:11.679,0:20:15.280
with the

0:20:12.720,0:20:16.640
native americans where they’re producing

0:20:15.280,0:20:18.159
their own goods

0:20:16.640,0:20:19.679
but they’re being copied you’re getting

0:20:18.159,0:20:22.240
some of the same thing but in this case

0:20:19.679,0:20:25.520
here they’re referring more to

0:20:22.240,0:20:26.000
taking the inspiration for these and

0:20:25.520,0:20:28.720
having

0:20:26.000,0:20:29.919
fashion designers or clothing producers

0:20:28.720,0:20:33.039
produce clothing that’s

0:20:29.919,0:20:36.000
based on those but never crediting the

0:20:33.039,0:20:37.120
origin of them so you run into some

0:20:36.000,0:20:38.320
issues like that like a lot of times

0:20:37.120,0:20:40.880
you’ll go to the rent fair and you’ll

0:20:38.320,0:20:44.400
see people in kilts

0:20:40.880,0:20:47.200
that’s a form of cultural appropriation

0:20:44.400,0:20:49.360
but not in so much that you’re trying to

0:20:47.200,0:20:51.520
pass it off as your own

0:20:49.360,0:20:52.400
um the one thing with with kilts

0:20:51.520,0:20:54.799
unfortunately i’m not

0:20:52.400,0:20:56.559
familiar enough with the cultures of the

0:20:54.799,0:20:59.679
other two examples to talk

0:20:56.559,0:21:02.720
to great detail about

0:20:59.679,0:21:05.760
but with kilts the pattern

0:21:02.720,0:21:09.039
of the weave in the kilt itself is

0:21:05.760,0:21:11.520
attributed to a family or a clan

0:21:09.039,0:21:13.440
so we would have our own if we were

0:21:11.520,0:21:16.159
scottish we would have our own

0:21:13.440,0:21:17.679
pattern that we would wear so it’s not

0:21:16.159,0:21:19.840
just the style

0:21:17.679,0:21:21.280
but it’s the actual design of the

0:21:19.840,0:21:24.720
pattern in that

0:21:21.280,0:21:25.760
piece of material that is culturally

0:21:24.720,0:21:28.720
specific so that

0:21:25.760,0:21:30.799
it goes an extra level deep there so if

0:21:28.720,0:21:33.120
you were to dress in a kilt

0:21:30.799,0:21:33.840
in scotland you would be recognized for

0:21:33.120,0:21:36.720
your clan

0:21:33.840,0:21:38.320
based on the pattern that’s in the cloth

0:21:36.720,0:21:42.240
itself

0:21:38.320,0:21:44.880
so what’s the next one that we have

0:21:42.240,0:21:46.159
uh the next one we have is language and

0:21:44.880,0:21:48.559
all languages

0:21:46.159,0:21:51.120
are cultural in their nature yeah and

0:21:48.559,0:21:54.640
this is probably

0:21:51.120,0:21:57.039
the uniquely cultural thing that

0:21:54.640,0:22:00.240
everyone has in their culture

0:21:57.039,0:22:01.760
and it’s the ability to communicate now

0:22:00.240,0:22:03.600
just because you may know three

0:22:01.760,0:22:06.640
different languages doesn’t necessarily

0:22:03.600,0:22:09.200
mean it’s cultural appropriation

0:22:06.640,0:22:11.600
but what they’re referring to here is

0:22:09.200,0:22:14.720
when you start

0:22:11.600,0:22:15.760
um appropriating terms and phrases from

0:22:14.720,0:22:18.159
certain languages

0:22:15.760,0:22:19.520
into your vernacular and you make it

0:22:18.159,0:22:23.120
into sort of a slang

0:22:19.520,0:22:25.039
type um use of that word

0:22:23.120,0:22:26.400
where you’re not necessarily giving

0:22:25.039,0:22:28.960
credit to

0:22:26.400,0:22:32.080
where the terms came from but you may be

0:22:28.960,0:22:34.480
using them in a derogatory way too

0:22:32.080,0:22:35.440
so it’s not really speaking a different

0:22:34.480,0:22:37.679
language it’s

0:22:35.440,0:22:40.960
borrowing elements of that language to

0:22:37.679,0:22:42.880
enhance your own vernacular uh

0:22:40.960,0:22:44.000
so and that’s where it can become

0:22:42.880,0:22:47.039
insulting in certain

0:22:44.000,0:22:50.240
circumstances i can definitely see that

0:22:47.039,0:22:51.840
what’s our next one next up we have

0:22:50.240,0:22:53.440
music and we’ve kind of talked about

0:22:51.840,0:22:56.000
this a bit before but

0:22:53.440,0:22:58.400
music can be tied to ethnicity

0:22:56.000,0:23:01.440
geographic location

0:22:58.400,0:23:05.360
religions and and

0:23:01.440,0:23:07.360
and culture significance yes so

0:23:05.360,0:23:10.000
music like language is something else

0:23:07.360,0:23:13.440
that is very cultural driven

0:23:10.000,0:23:16.799
so it can be based on your ethnicity

0:23:13.440,0:23:21.280
you know african americans have a

0:23:16.799,0:23:24.320
very distinctive musical sound

0:23:21.280,0:23:24.960
that their culture provides and in fact

0:23:24.320,0:23:28.159
it’s been

0:23:24.960,0:23:30.720
heavily borrowed upon and

0:23:28.159,0:23:31.840
stolen in many cases you know and we’ll

0:23:30.720,0:23:33.600
talk a little bit later

0:23:31.840,0:23:35.360
in a few of the other examples that we

0:23:33.600,0:23:38.640
have

0:23:35.360,0:23:41.760
but judaism

0:23:38.640,0:23:43.120
you know religions are very musically

0:23:41.760,0:23:45.440
inclined

0:23:43.120,0:23:46.240
even christianity is very musically

0:23:45.440,0:23:49.039
inclined

0:23:46.240,0:23:49.520
islam very musically inclined they’re

0:23:49.039,0:23:52.559
all

0:23:49.520,0:23:55.600
cultures that are they’re all art forms

0:23:52.559,0:23:58.559
that are culturally based

0:23:55.600,0:24:00.400
and when we borrow from any of those

0:23:58.559,0:24:02.400
without giving them credit it’s cultural

0:24:00.400,0:24:04.320
appropriation

0:24:02.400,0:24:05.919
so there’s a there’s a lot of meaning

0:24:04.320,0:24:07.440
especially with christianity and there’s

0:24:05.919,0:24:09.120
so many different denominations of

0:24:07.440,0:24:12.240
christianity

0:24:09.120,0:24:13.440
there are there’s a music associated

0:24:12.240,0:24:16.640
with certain types

0:24:13.440,0:24:21.279
of denominations um that

0:24:16.640,0:24:23.360
when they’re not treated with respect

0:24:21.279,0:24:25.039
can then turn into cultural denigration

0:24:23.360,0:24:27.600
as well

0:24:25.039,0:24:29.760
so that’s that’s you know a significant

0:24:27.600,0:24:32.799
thing to keep in mind

0:24:29.760,0:24:35.279
what’s our next one uh

0:24:32.799,0:24:36.240
the next one we have is religious

0:24:35.279,0:24:38.799
symbols

0:24:36.240,0:24:41.120
like for christianity the cross judaism

0:24:38.799,0:24:44.159
the star of david

0:24:41.120,0:24:49.840
buddhism the wheel of dharma

0:24:44.159,0:24:53.039
dharma uh druidism druidism

0:24:49.840,0:24:53.679
triskelion the triskelion islam the star

0:24:53.039,0:24:57.760
of

0:24:53.679,0:25:03.120
and starring crescent uh norse

0:24:57.760,0:25:03.120
paul thalian polytheism

0:25:03.200,0:25:07.279
how do you pronounce that one i knew

0:25:04.799,0:25:09.200
you’re gonna have trouble with that one

0:25:07.279,0:25:11.520
it’s thor’s hammer what store’s hammer

0:25:09.200,0:25:11.520
called

0:25:11.760,0:25:15.840
not much i know

0:25:19.520,0:25:22.880
yes and it’s it’s a hammer symbol that

0:25:22.000,0:25:25.919
they use in their

0:25:22.880,0:25:28.000
in their religion so again

0:25:25.919,0:25:29.120
you know there are let’s take the cross

0:25:28.000,0:25:33.279
for example

0:25:29.120,0:25:35.600
so there are christian crosses

0:25:33.279,0:25:37.679
there are there’s what’s called an act

0:25:35.600,0:25:38.240
cross that’s actually circular at the

0:25:37.679,0:25:40.240
top

0:25:38.240,0:25:43.840
okay there’s probably four or five

0:25:40.240,0:25:47.279
different styles of the christian cross

0:25:43.840,0:25:51.600
all of these stem back to the

0:25:47.279,0:25:54.640
uh you know the crucifixion of jesus

0:25:51.600,0:25:56.320
crucifixions weren’t a religious

0:25:54.640,0:25:58.000
punishment crucifixions were a

0:25:56.320,0:26:01.039
traditional punishment

0:25:58.000,0:26:03.039
in ancient times but because it happened

0:26:01.039,0:26:04.880
to a certain individual in fact mostly

0:26:03.039,0:26:06.320
most crucifixions happen they crucified

0:26:04.880,0:26:09.679
you upside down usually

0:26:06.320,0:26:13.039
oh which was an interesting distinction

0:26:09.679,0:26:14.240
but this was an example of that symbol

0:26:13.039,0:26:18.000
being borrowed

0:26:14.240,0:26:21.440
and used as a

0:26:18.000,0:26:23.440
symbol of faith moving forward

0:26:21.440,0:26:24.559
same thing with your star of david and

0:26:23.440,0:26:27.679
you’re

0:26:24.559,0:26:28.240
um you’re starring your crescent these

0:26:27.679,0:26:31.360
are all

0:26:28.240,0:26:33.760
symbols that mean something to the

0:26:31.360,0:26:39.279
adherence to those religions

0:26:33.760,0:26:41.440
and when we um take those and we use

0:26:39.279,0:26:44.080
those in a disrespectful manner or we

0:26:41.440,0:26:47.120
use those in a manner where we’re not

0:26:44.080,0:26:49.200
treating them with the reverence that

0:26:47.120,0:26:50.159
the culture itself believes they should

0:26:49.200,0:26:52.400
be

0:26:50.159,0:26:54.240
then as cultural appropriation cultural

0:26:52.400,0:26:57.440
denigration

0:26:54.240,0:27:00.400
so those are just some some examples

0:26:57.440,0:27:01.840
now the next thing we kind of have to

0:27:00.400,0:27:04.880
talk about

0:27:01.840,0:27:08.320
is the um

0:27:04.880,0:27:11.520
example are the um groups from which

0:27:08.320,0:27:13.039
um cultural appropriation is typically

0:27:11.520,0:27:17.360
targeted to in terms

0:27:13.039,0:27:19.520
of the united states uh i don’t

0:27:17.360,0:27:21.039
i don’t have enough information globally

0:27:19.520,0:27:23.039
to talk about it i know there is

0:27:21.039,0:27:26.720
cultural appropriation that happens

0:27:23.039,0:27:29.520
in other areas of the world but in

0:27:26.720,0:27:30.159
the united states probably the number

0:27:29.520,0:27:31.840
one group

0:27:30.159,0:27:35.039
that is a target for cultural

0:27:31.840,0:27:38.960
appropriation is african-americans

0:27:35.039,0:27:42.800
whether it’s their music

0:27:38.960,0:27:45.360
hairstyles style of dress

0:27:42.800,0:27:47.279
[Music]

0:27:45.360,0:27:48.960
these are all things that are being

0:27:47.279,0:27:52.880
taken

0:27:48.960,0:27:55.360
and and when we talk culture

0:27:52.880,0:27:56.720
just like we have our own culture as far

0:27:55.360,0:27:59.919
as

0:27:56.720,0:28:00.399
our family goes or as far as religion

0:27:59.919,0:28:03.600
goes

0:28:00.399,0:28:04.559
where you know you’re you and mommy are

0:28:03.600,0:28:07.520
jewish

0:28:04.559,0:28:08.960
so there’s a culture around that and the

0:28:07.520,0:28:10.159
things that are associated with that

0:28:08.960,0:28:14.399
culture

0:28:10.159,0:28:17.679
are things that are near and dear to us

0:28:14.399,0:28:20.640
and when someone violates that by

0:28:17.679,0:28:21.840
borrowing it without acknowledging or

0:28:20.640,0:28:25.279
giving us

0:28:21.840,0:28:25.840
credit for it or if they borrow it in a

0:28:25.279,0:28:29.760
way

0:28:25.840,0:28:32.880
to make fun of that culture

0:28:29.760,0:28:34.880
it’s going to bother you right

0:28:32.880,0:28:36.760
so some of the groups that are targeted

0:28:34.880,0:28:39.840
for this are african-americans

0:28:36.760,0:28:42.960
asian-americans um especially

0:28:39.840,0:28:44.880
recently hispanic americans

0:28:42.960,0:28:46.000
and native americans for the longest

0:28:44.880,0:28:48.080
time

0:28:46.000,0:28:50.080
where uh these are groups that have been

0:28:48.080,0:28:51.919
looked down upon by the majority of

0:28:50.080,0:28:55.120
people in the country

0:28:51.919,0:28:56.559
and they’ve they’re sort of downtrodden

0:28:55.120,0:28:59.520
people

0:28:56.559,0:28:59.840
that their culture has been used against

0:28:59.520,0:29:02.880
them

0:28:59.840,0:29:05.919
almost um and

0:29:02.880,0:29:08.240
i think we’re as a society we’re finally

0:29:05.919,0:29:11.520
reaching a point where

0:29:08.240,0:29:14.720
we acknowledge that and we acknowledge

0:29:11.520,0:29:17.279
the richness of these cultures too

0:29:14.720,0:29:18.320
can you think of any other cultures that

0:29:17.279,0:29:20.159
might be targets

0:29:18.320,0:29:22.080
in the united states or even in anywhere

0:29:20.159,0:29:26.960
in the world

0:29:22.080,0:29:28.320
um hmm

0:29:26.960,0:29:30.480
you know if we just rip it from the

0:29:28.320,0:29:32.080
headlines now we look at the conflict

0:29:30.480,0:29:36.399
that’s happening

0:29:32.080,0:29:39.600
uh in israel you know the palestinians

0:29:36.399,0:29:41.840
who they feel their cultures is under

0:29:39.600,0:29:45.279
assault at this point in time

0:29:41.840,0:29:48.080
and they’re in open conflict with

0:29:45.279,0:29:49.679
the israelis so there’s two groups right

0:29:48.080,0:29:50.399
there that may feel that they’re they’re

0:29:49.679,0:29:54.240
being

0:29:50.399,0:29:58.159
oppressed culturally you have uh

0:29:54.240,0:30:00.399
uyghurs in um

0:29:58.159,0:30:00.399
uh

0:30:01.600,0:30:04.480
where other uyghurs at

0:30:06.000,0:30:10.320
china i’m sorry china it’s a there are

0:30:08.399,0:30:13.919
weakers or a muslim group in china

0:30:10.320,0:30:16.480
okay that are being uh downtrodden by

0:30:13.919,0:30:18.080
the the communist chinese government

0:30:16.480,0:30:19.760
uh it’s not so much cultural

0:30:18.080,0:30:21.840
appropriation as that’s cultural

0:30:19.760,0:30:25.120
denigration there where they’re openly

0:30:21.840,0:30:25.120
trying to oppress them

0:30:25.200,0:30:29.039
but if you look from a religious

0:30:26.880,0:30:30.320
standpoint historically

0:30:29.039,0:30:32.799
you know you see what happened to the

0:30:30.320,0:30:36.159
jews in nazi germany

0:30:32.799,0:30:36.720
you’re doing a lot of research now with

0:30:36.159,0:30:40.000
your

0:30:36.720,0:30:41.919
uh diary of anne frank so you

0:30:40.000,0:30:43.279
are familiar with some of the

0:30:41.919,0:30:45.840
denigration there

0:30:43.279,0:30:47.520
and the fact that they what was the one

0:30:45.840,0:30:51.200
thing that the germans

0:30:47.520,0:30:53.200
the nazis required the uh

0:30:51.200,0:30:54.799
the jews to wear they had to wear a

0:30:53.200,0:30:56.799
yellow star in their chest

0:30:54.799,0:30:58.240
right and the yellow star was a star of

0:30:56.799,0:31:01.840
david so it was the

0:30:58.240,0:31:05.360
the the nazis basically

0:31:01.840,0:31:07.120
appropriating jewish culture to mark

0:31:05.360,0:31:08.880
jews during that time so they could be

0:31:07.120,0:31:11.120
oppressed

0:31:08.880,0:31:12.559
so this isn’t a new phenomenon this

0:31:11.120,0:31:14.080
isn’t something that just started

0:31:12.559,0:31:15.760
happening

0:31:14.080,0:31:17.279
cultural appropriation and cultural

0:31:15.760,0:31:18.559
denigration is something that has

0:31:17.279,0:31:21.679
happened for

0:31:18.559,0:31:22.559
centuries now i think nowadays we’re

0:31:21.679,0:31:26.000
finally

0:31:22.559,0:31:29.840
starting to combat it which is nice

0:31:26.000,0:31:32.960
there were a few few specific american

0:31:29.840,0:31:35.039
uh examples that i wanted to talk about

0:31:32.960,0:31:36.240
as far as appropriation to kind of you

0:31:35.039,0:31:39.279
know

0:31:36.240,0:31:40.799
hit home on it and the first one that a

0:31:39.279,0:31:41.840
lot of people don’t realize is cultural

0:31:40.799,0:31:44.720
appropriation

0:31:41.840,0:31:46.640
is rock and roll really tell us about

0:31:44.720,0:31:50.240
this one

0:31:46.640,0:31:52.640
in the 1950s white musicians invented

0:31:50.240,0:31:54.880
rock and roll however the music style

0:31:52.640,0:31:56.960
was borrowed from black musicians who

0:31:54.880,0:32:00.080
never received credit

0:31:56.960,0:32:02.559
music executives choose to promote

0:32:00.080,0:32:04.399
white performers over black performers

0:32:02.559,0:32:05.279
reinforcing the idea that cultural

0:32:04.399,0:32:08.640
appropriation

0:32:05.279,0:32:11.760
involves impacts on non

0:32:08.640,0:32:12.880
on a non-dominant group yeah so rock and

0:32:11.760,0:32:16.080
roll itself

0:32:12.880,0:32:16.880
is cultural appropriation uh it was a

0:32:16.080,0:32:19.919
collection

0:32:16.880,0:32:22.080
of a number and even uh in

0:32:19.919,0:32:24.080
interviews elvis the king of rock and

0:32:22.080,0:32:26.240
roll even acknowledged that a lot of the

0:32:24.080,0:32:28.960
roots that he had

0:32:26.240,0:32:30.080
with rock and roll that that led to his

0:32:28.960,0:32:33.039
rock and roll career

0:32:30.080,0:32:34.399
were in african-american music and

0:32:33.039,0:32:36.880
culture

0:32:34.399,0:32:37.919
um gospel music was a big influence on

0:32:36.880,0:32:41.360
him

0:32:37.919,0:32:44.880
uh soul music you know he grew up

0:32:41.360,0:32:46.880
in in uh mississippi

0:32:44.880,0:32:48.559
you know he moved all around the south

0:32:46.880,0:32:51.760
so

0:32:48.559,0:32:54.840
a lot of what his influences were

0:32:51.760,0:32:56.000
at least he gave credit to the

0:32:54.840,0:32:58.320
african-americans

0:32:56.000,0:33:00.159
the area that didn’t were these music

0:32:58.320,0:33:04.320
producers

0:33:00.159,0:33:07.279
so you had um one of his famous songs

0:33:04.320,0:33:09.200
was blue suede shoes blue suede shoes

0:33:07.279,0:33:12.720
was originally written and performed

0:33:09.200,0:33:15.679
by a black man and when

0:33:12.720,0:33:17.200
elvis wound up making it big the

0:33:15.679,0:33:19.279
producers

0:33:17.200,0:33:22.080
put him in the forefront not the

0:33:19.279,0:33:24.240
original artist of it

0:33:22.080,0:33:26.720
and it was because of this cultural

0:33:24.240,0:33:31.519
appropriation attitude and this

0:33:26.720,0:33:34.640
um this attitude of not promoting

0:33:31.519,0:33:38.559
minorities yeah um there was actually

0:33:34.640,0:33:40.720
um a version of that i remember and the

0:33:38.559,0:33:44.000
one show me and mommy used to watch

0:33:40.720,0:33:47.120
basically it was

0:33:44.000,0:33:48.559
dinosaurs versus swamp monsters i don’t

0:33:47.120,0:33:50.559
entirely remember what they were called

0:33:48.559,0:33:51.760
but basically the swamp monsters were

0:33:50.559,0:33:54.480
supposed to

0:33:51.760,0:33:56.240
represent the minorities and like they

0:33:54.480,0:33:57.279
had played music that was similar to the

0:33:56.240,0:34:00.399
blues music

0:33:57.279,0:34:02.480
right and basically when um

0:34:00.399,0:34:04.159
the one dinosaur who wanted to help out

0:34:02.480,0:34:06.559
and promote the music

0:34:04.159,0:34:07.679
gave it to the producer the producer

0:34:06.559,0:34:10.720
used the music

0:34:07.679,0:34:14.399
but had a dinosaur singing over it yeah

0:34:10.720,0:34:15.839
so i’m pretty sure i’m pretty sure that

0:34:14.399,0:34:17.760
was what they were aiming for

0:34:15.839,0:34:19.200
showing and sadly that’s stuff that

0:34:17.760,0:34:21.040
still happens to this day

0:34:19.200,0:34:23.040
you know you have some artists out there

0:34:21.040,0:34:25.679
who just never get to see the

0:34:23.040,0:34:27.520
limelight because of this type of thing

0:34:25.679,0:34:28.800
so the next example you have is a sweat

0:34:27.520,0:34:30.000
lodge have you ever ever heard of a

0:34:28.800,0:34:33.440
sweat lodge

0:34:30.000,0:34:34.000
i don’t know so in 2011 a motivational

0:34:33.440,0:34:36.639
entrepreneur

0:34:34.000,0:34:39.679
named james arthur ray was convicted of

0:34:36.639,0:34:41.679
three counts of negligent homicide

0:34:39.679,0:34:44.800
after the death of three participants in

0:34:41.679,0:34:46.720
his pseudo-sweat lodge

0:34:44.800,0:34:48.560
this is an extreme example of cultural

0:34:46.720,0:34:50.399
appropriation of native american

0:34:48.560,0:34:52.079
traditions so the sweat lodge is a

0:34:50.399,0:34:53.440
native american tradition that’s sort of

0:34:52.079,0:34:57.599
a meditative type

0:34:53.440,0:34:58.800
of uh cultural event that native

0:34:57.599,0:35:01.440
americans would do

0:34:58.800,0:35:03.040
okay and they would you know the idea is

0:35:01.440,0:35:06.400
you push the body to its

0:35:03.040,0:35:09.200
extreme and you experience

0:35:06.400,0:35:09.680
a higher level thought in the process

0:35:09.200,0:35:13.359
okay

0:35:09.680,0:35:16.000
well this individual happened to be

0:35:13.359,0:35:16.720
using it as some type of motivational

0:35:16.000,0:35:19.680
type

0:35:16.720,0:35:20.640
of exercise and charging a small fortune

0:35:19.680,0:35:23.760
for it

0:35:20.640,0:35:25.119
and he was discouraging the use of these

0:35:23.760,0:35:29.119
sweat lodges

0:35:25.119,0:35:30.720
for safe use and eventually he wound up

0:35:29.119,0:35:33.200
killing people

0:35:30.720,0:35:34.560
while he was trying to to use this

0:35:33.200,0:35:38.960
activity

0:35:34.560,0:35:42.079
um and as a result the native american

0:35:38.960,0:35:45.119
um legitimate

0:35:42.079,0:35:48.240
concept of this meditative process

0:35:45.119,0:35:50.640
came under fire for so because of

0:35:48.240,0:35:54.160
someone misappropriating

0:35:50.640,0:35:56.000
this cultural uh tradition it has a

0:35:54.160,0:35:57.280
negative impact on the legitimate

0:35:56.000,0:36:00.560
version of it

0:35:57.280,0:36:02.079
which is unfortunate yeah so this is one

0:36:00.560,0:36:02.800
the next one is one that i had never

0:36:02.079,0:36:05.280
heard of but

0:36:02.800,0:36:05.920
after reading about it that made sense

0:36:05.280,0:36:08.400
and that was

0:36:05.920,0:36:10.000
voguing i had no idea what vogue you

0:36:08.400,0:36:13.440
want no voting means no

0:36:10.000,0:36:15.599
okay so do you remember the voguing

0:36:13.440,0:36:18.560
craze made popular by madonna back in

0:36:15.599,0:36:20.000
the 1980s or 1990s

0:36:18.560,0:36:22.240
whatever she did i guess was called

0:36:20.000,0:36:23.280
voguing never really paid much attention

0:36:22.240,0:36:25.680
to her

0:36:23.280,0:36:26.560
voguing as a dance actually had its

0:36:25.680,0:36:29.200
roots in

0:36:26.560,0:36:30.960
gay clubs in new york city and was

0:36:29.200,0:36:32.240
pioneered by the black and latin

0:36:30.960,0:36:35.040
communities

0:36:32.240,0:36:36.480
but donna defends her right to artistic

0:36:35.040,0:36:38.560
expression

0:36:36.480,0:36:40.640
but the question remains how many people

0:36:38.560,0:36:40.880
will think madonna invented voguing so

0:36:40.640,0:36:44.079
that’s

0:36:40.880,0:36:47.680
it that’s one of these examples where

0:36:44.079,0:36:50.000
she picked this up from a culture

0:36:47.680,0:36:52.000
she took it on as her own and i’m sure

0:36:50.000,0:36:52.560
her version of it wasn’t exactly the way

0:36:52.000,0:36:55.440
it was done

0:36:52.560,0:36:57.359
in these different cultures but because

0:36:55.440,0:36:59.200
she was in the forefront of it and she

0:36:57.359,0:37:00.880
got all the spotlight for it

0:36:59.200,0:37:03.040
everyone thinks she invented it because

0:37:00.880,0:37:05.599
she never gave credit to the area

0:37:03.040,0:37:07.040
to the cultures that she took it from ah

0:37:05.599,0:37:08.560
so that’s an example of that and the

0:37:07.040,0:37:09.440
last one here is one that’s in the news

0:37:08.560,0:37:12.320
today

0:37:09.440,0:37:14.560
with team names and mascots and stuff

0:37:12.320,0:37:16.960
and that’s team mascots major sports

0:37:14.560,0:37:19.119
teams in the united states and canada

0:37:16.960,0:37:20.560
are involved in cultural appropriation

0:37:19.119,0:37:21.599
because of the names of their teams the

0:37:20.560,0:37:23.040
redskins

0:37:21.599,0:37:24.880
aren’t the redskins anymore because it

0:37:23.040,0:37:27.040
was a derogatory term towards native

0:37:24.880,0:37:29.680
americans

0:37:27.040,0:37:31.599
past and present team names uh include

0:37:29.680,0:37:33.760
the chicago blackhawks the cleveland

0:37:31.599,0:37:34.839
indians the washington redskins and the

0:37:33.760,0:37:37.920
edmonton

0:37:34.839,0:37:40.000
eskimos redskins a derogatory term for

0:37:37.920,0:37:42.640
indigenous people and the term eskimo

0:37:40.000,0:37:46.400
has been rejected by the inuit community

0:37:42.640,0:37:48.000
um based in alaska and and canada

0:37:46.400,0:37:50.000
and once again if you aren’t sure if

0:37:48.000,0:37:51.280
something’s cultural appropriation you

0:37:50.000,0:37:53.040
need to look no further than the

0:37:51.280,0:37:56.000
reaction from the group

0:37:53.040,0:37:57.599
from whom the cultural element was taken

0:37:56.000,0:37:58.480
if it offends the people that you’re

0:37:57.599,0:38:00.610
taking it from

0:37:58.480,0:38:01.839
then it’s cultural appropriation

0:38:00.610,0:38:03.040
[Music]

0:38:01.839,0:38:04.720
so we’re going to take a quick break

0:38:03.040,0:38:06.000
that was a long segment there we’ll come

0:38:04.720,0:38:08.160
back i’m gonna

0:38:06.000,0:38:09.040
ask some questions and and point out

0:38:08.160,0:38:10.960
some things

0:38:09.040,0:38:12.560
to know if something is cultural

0:38:10.960,0:38:15.599
appropriation

0:38:12.560,0:38:19.839
and how to avoid cultural appropriation

0:38:15.599,0:38:19.839
okay we’ll be right back

0:38:22.850,0:38:28.000
[Music]

0:38:25.599,0:38:30.000
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0:38:28.000,0:38:32.100
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0:38:32.100,0:38:35.839
[Music]

0:38:33.599,0:38:37.440
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0:38:35.839,0:38:39.920
fanatics are exploring

0:38:37.440,0:38:41.600
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0:38:39.920,0:38:43.599
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0:38:43.599,0:38:47.620
we’ll look at the interesting and

0:38:45.119,0:38:49.440
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0:38:51.440,0:38:54.880
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0:38:52.960,0:38:57.520
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0:38:54.880,0:38:59.839
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0:38:57.520,0:39:00.640
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0:38:59.839,0:39:01.700
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0:39:00.640,0:39:04.240
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0:39:04.240,0:39:07.599
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0:39:11.119,0:39:15.760
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0:39:22.370,0:39:28.800
[Music]

0:39:26.960,0:39:30.320
welcome back to insights into teens

0:39:28.800,0:39:33.440
today we’re talking cultural

0:39:30.320,0:39:34.800
appropriation and before we get into how

0:39:33.440,0:39:37.040
to know if something’s cultural

0:39:34.800,0:39:39.040
appropriation you had another example of

0:39:37.040,0:39:42.560
cultural appropriation by

0:39:39.040,0:39:43.680
our favorite company disney yeah um i

0:39:42.560,0:39:47.040
remember hearing

0:39:43.680,0:39:49.200
um at some point that disney actually

0:39:47.040,0:39:50.480
had cultural pro had cultural

0:39:49.200,0:39:52.720
appropriation happen

0:39:50.480,0:39:53.599
to one of the most popular films peter

0:39:52.720,0:39:57.520
pan

0:39:53.599,0:39:59.200
specifically the scene where the when

0:39:57.520,0:40:01.760
um they all meet the indians on the

0:39:59.200,0:40:05.599
island um specifically when

0:40:01.760,0:40:08.960
the song plays basically talking about

0:40:05.599,0:40:10.560
red-faced man and disney received a lot

0:40:08.960,0:40:12.160
of flack for it and they actually had to

0:40:10.560,0:40:14.800
put a disclaimer on it i

0:40:12.160,0:40:16.480
actually just thought of it yeah and in

0:40:14.800,0:40:18.000
fact sticking with that same thought

0:40:16.480,0:40:20.079
disney’s in the process of making

0:40:18.000,0:40:23.200
changes to their jungle crews

0:40:20.079,0:40:25.119
to remove some of the cultural uh

0:40:23.200,0:40:27.680
insensitive elements that are in the

0:40:25.119,0:40:29.119
jungle cruise okay

0:40:27.680,0:40:31.440
but what is how do you know if

0:40:29.119,0:40:33.440
something’s cultural appropriation

0:40:31.440,0:40:35.440
and how do you decide whether or not you

0:40:33.440,0:40:37.119
should appropriate culture

0:40:35.440,0:40:39.280
here’s a few questions that that you

0:40:37.119,0:40:41.440
should ask anytime that you feel you

0:40:39.280,0:40:44.480
might be appropriating culture

0:40:41.440,0:40:47.839
what’s your goal with what you’re doing

0:40:44.480,0:40:51.520
you know are you trying to embrace it

0:40:47.839,0:40:54.160
enjoy it learn from it are you trying to

0:40:51.520,0:40:54.960
enhance yourself from it or are you

0:40:54.160,0:40:57.599
trying to

0:40:54.960,0:40:58.800
make fun of the culture itself what’s

0:40:57.599,0:41:01.040
our next one

0:40:58.800,0:41:03.040
our next one is are you following a

0:41:01.040,0:41:04.079
trend or exploring the history of a

0:41:03.040,0:41:07.680
culture

0:41:04.079,0:41:09.200
right so go ahead

0:41:07.680,0:41:11.359
so i’m guessing it would be

0:41:09.200,0:41:12.400
differentiating between what you think

0:41:11.359,0:41:15.520
is popular

0:41:12.400,0:41:17.920
or trying to express

0:41:15.520,0:41:18.560
and explore and learn the history of a

0:41:17.920,0:41:21.760
culture

0:41:18.560,0:41:23.839
exactly exactly the next is are you

0:41:21.760,0:41:26.000
deliberately trying to insult someone’s

0:41:23.839,0:41:26.880
culture or being disrespectful and i

0:41:26.000,0:41:29.680
think this one is

0:41:26.880,0:41:31.280
pretty straightforward but sometimes

0:41:29.680,0:41:33.680
people try

0:41:31.280,0:41:35.920
they don’t try to be disrespectful you

0:41:33.680,0:41:38.240
know you may be trying to

0:41:35.920,0:41:39.760
be entertaining or tell a joke or

0:41:38.240,0:41:41.119
something like that and it turns out to

0:41:39.760,0:41:44.000
be disrespectful

0:41:41.119,0:41:45.200
you just have to be mindful of that

0:41:44.000,0:41:48.480
what’s next

0:41:45.200,0:41:52.000
next up we have are you hurt

0:41:48.480,0:41:52.800
justing purchasing purchasing something

0:41:52.000,0:41:55.920
that is

0:41:52.800,0:41:59.040
a reproduction of a culture

0:41:55.920,0:41:59.839
or an original um example would be

0:41:59.040,0:42:01.920
artwork

0:41:59.839,0:42:03.280
yeah that’s something we talked about

0:42:01.920,0:42:04.960
already

0:42:03.280,0:42:07.119
how would people for the culture you’re

0:42:04.960,0:42:08.000
borrowing an item from feel about what

0:42:07.119,0:42:11.040
you’re doing are they

0:42:08.000,0:42:15.280
insulted by it are they um

0:42:11.040,0:42:17.440
complimented by it you know if you are

0:42:15.280,0:42:19.359
taking something and using it to

0:42:17.440,0:42:23.119
highlight

0:42:19.359,0:42:23.760
uh an injustice or how a culture is

0:42:23.119,0:42:26.240
being

0:42:23.760,0:42:28.560
treated that might not be a problem at

0:42:26.240,0:42:30.640
that point

0:42:28.560,0:42:33.040
next up is are there any stereotypes

0:42:30.640,0:42:35.760
involved with what you are doing

0:42:33.040,0:42:38.720
i’m guessing just like are you making

0:42:35.760,0:42:41.760
one specific group or a specific culture

0:42:38.720,0:42:43.680
into a stereotype and pretty much

0:42:41.760,0:42:46.000
pretty sure most stereotypes are pretty

0:42:43.680,0:42:47.920
bad exactly

0:42:46.000,0:42:49.760
are you using a sacred item in a

0:42:47.920,0:42:52.319
flippant or fun way

0:42:49.760,0:42:54.400
like are you not taking that cross or

0:42:52.319,0:42:57.119
that star of david seriously

0:42:54.400,0:42:58.240
if it’s religion are you using a sacred

0:42:57.119,0:43:00.400
headdress

0:42:58.240,0:43:01.920
as a costume for halloween where it

0:43:00.400,0:43:05.040
would be insensitive

0:43:01.920,0:43:07.040
that type of thing are you borrowing

0:43:05.040,0:43:08.560
something from an agent culture and

0:43:07.040,0:43:11.119
pretending that it’s new

0:43:08.560,0:43:12.000
basically taking something you think

0:43:11.119,0:43:14.800
it’s cool

0:43:12.000,0:43:16.560
and thinking that hey it’s okay to say

0:43:14.800,0:43:17.359
that it’s new i completely created this

0:43:16.560,0:43:21.040
on my own

0:43:17.359,0:43:23.200
exactly are you crediting the source or

0:43:21.040,0:43:25.040
inspiration of what you’re doing there’s

0:43:23.200,0:43:26.800
nothing wrong with appreciating culture

0:43:25.040,0:43:28.640
or using culture

0:43:26.800,0:43:30.240
other people’s culture you just have to

0:43:28.640,0:43:31.520
make sure that you’re giving credit

0:43:30.240,0:43:33.920
where credit is due

0:43:31.520,0:43:35.680
yeah just like if you really try using

0:43:33.920,0:43:38.720
any inspiration

0:43:35.680,0:43:42.800
exactly uh we worry

0:43:38.720,0:43:45.520
um if a person of the original called

0:43:42.800,0:43:47.760
sure were to do what you’re doing would

0:43:45.520,0:43:52.000
they be viewed as cool or could they

0:43:47.760,0:43:52.000
possibly face discrimination

0:43:53.680,0:43:59.599
okay i don’t know how to expound on that

0:43:57.680,0:44:01.119
i’m sorry

0:43:59.599,0:44:03.520
are you wearing a costume that

0:44:01.119,0:44:04.720
represents a culture like a geisha girl

0:44:03.520,0:44:08.480
or a tribal wear

0:44:04.720,0:44:08.800
style costume um these are again a lot

0:44:08.480,0:44:11.680
of

0:44:08.800,0:44:13.280
halloween costumes excuse me in in my

0:44:11.680,0:44:14.560
research halloween costumes took a lot

0:44:13.280,0:44:17.040
of heat for it

0:44:14.560,0:44:19.200
because you’re really insulting a

0:44:17.040,0:44:21.839
culture by wearing something like this

0:44:19.200,0:44:24.240
yeah and what’s the last one we have the

0:44:21.839,0:44:26.400
last one we have are are you ignoring

0:44:24.240,0:44:28.400
the cultural significance of something

0:44:26.400,0:44:29.760
in favor of following a trend this

0:44:28.400,0:44:33.599
kind of goes along with the other

0:44:29.760,0:44:36.800
question of are you basically

0:44:33.599,0:44:39.680
just doing it because it’s popular and

0:44:36.800,0:44:41.359
are you ignoring and are you not

0:44:39.680,0:44:43.760
respecting it because of it

0:44:41.359,0:44:45.839
right and i think i think the idea is if

0:44:43.760,0:44:47.680
you can answer these questions to your

0:44:45.839,0:44:50.720
satisfaction

0:44:47.680,0:44:52.240
i think i think the first you know three

0:44:50.720,0:44:53.520
or four questions from this group will

0:44:52.240,0:44:56.480
probably give you a good idea of what

0:44:53.520,0:44:59.280
you’re doing is cultural appropriation

0:44:56.480,0:45:00.319
now there’s ways to avoid cultural

0:44:59.280,0:45:02.240
appropriation

0:45:00.319,0:45:03.760
you know if you ask yourself the list of

0:45:02.240,0:45:05.760
questions above

0:45:03.760,0:45:07.200
and start to under explore your

0:45:05.760,0:45:09.520
underlying motivation

0:45:07.200,0:45:10.720
of what you’re doing is a very good

0:45:09.520,0:45:13.760
reason why are you

0:45:10.720,0:45:15.520
trying to use these elements from this

0:45:13.760,0:45:18.960
other culture

0:45:15.520,0:45:21.280
again is it to enhance yourself is it

0:45:18.960,0:45:22.160
to broaden your understanding of that

0:45:21.280,0:45:24.319
culture

0:45:22.160,0:45:25.680
is it the show appropriation of that

0:45:24.319,0:45:28.480
culture

0:45:25.680,0:45:29.680
not appropriation appreciation you

0:45:28.480,0:45:32.720
really keep missing

0:45:29.680,0:45:34.640
max mixing those words up

0:45:32.720,0:45:36.000
is it are you showing appreciation for

0:45:34.640,0:45:37.839
that culture like for instance i

0:45:36.000,0:45:39.760
i wasn’t raised jewish but i still

0:45:37.839,0:45:40.960
participate in the jewish holidays that

0:45:39.760,0:45:42.960
we have here

0:45:40.960,0:45:44.640
and that’s out of respect for mommy and

0:45:42.960,0:45:47.280
you and that religion

0:45:44.640,0:45:48.240
and it’s to broaden my horizons and my

0:45:47.280,0:45:50.960
experiences

0:45:48.240,0:45:53.119
as well it’s not necessarily to exploit

0:45:50.960,0:45:53.599
it or to make fun of it or anything like

0:45:53.119,0:45:56.880
that

0:45:53.599,0:45:58.079
yeah what’s the next suggestion the next

0:45:56.880,0:46:00.240
suggestion is to give

0:45:58.079,0:46:02.079
credit or recognize the origins of the

0:46:00.240,0:46:03.200
items that you borrow or promote from

0:46:02.079,0:46:05.359
other cultures

0:46:03.200,0:46:06.800
rather than claiming them to be your own

0:46:05.359,0:46:09.760
original ideas

0:46:06.800,0:46:10.400
right i think that’s very important i

0:46:09.760,0:46:12.880
mean

0:46:10.400,0:46:14.079
otherwise it’s plagiarism right so you

0:46:12.880,0:46:17.440
need to not do that

0:46:14.079,0:46:19.520
yeah don’t do don’t don’t plagiarize

0:46:17.440,0:46:21.920
that’s a good lesson don’t plagiarize

0:46:19.520,0:46:23.839
pager isn’t my head

0:46:21.920,0:46:26.079
so take the time to learn about and

0:46:23.839,0:46:27.280
truly appreciate the culture before you

0:46:26.079,0:46:29.599
borrow or adopt

0:46:27.280,0:46:31.760
elements of that culture learn from

0:46:29.599,0:46:34.240
those who are members of the culture

0:46:31.760,0:46:35.520
visit the venues run

0:46:34.240,0:46:38.000
[Music]

0:46:35.520,0:46:40.319
run by actual members of the culture

0:46:38.000,0:46:43.280
such as in restaurants for instance if

0:46:40.319,0:46:44.480
if you go to eat at an indian restaurant

0:46:43.280,0:46:47.200
ask questions about it

0:46:44.480,0:46:48.079
understand if there is a tradition to it

0:46:47.200,0:46:50.560
or

0:46:48.079,0:46:51.440
understand what region the food may come

0:46:50.560,0:46:53.520
from in the

0:46:51.440,0:46:55.440
in their country stuff like that because

0:46:53.520,0:46:58.240
that’s where you get to

0:46:55.440,0:46:59.440
build your own appreciation and attend

0:46:58.240,0:47:01.200
authentic events

0:46:59.440,0:47:03.520
like for instance you can attend real

0:47:01.200,0:47:05.599
luals

0:47:03.520,0:47:07.440
disney does this at the polynesian they

0:47:05.599,0:47:09.680
actually have members of the hawaiian

0:47:07.440,0:47:11.599
culture that run the luaus there

0:47:09.680,0:47:12.800
and you can learn a tremendous amount

0:47:11.599,0:47:14.960
about people

0:47:12.800,0:47:16.000
and their culture by exploring their art

0:47:14.960,0:47:18.240
forms

0:47:16.000,0:47:19.760
their visual arts their music their

0:47:18.240,0:47:22.559
dance stuff like that there’s so much

0:47:19.760,0:47:24.720
you can learn about the culture

0:47:22.559,0:47:27.119
what’s our next one our next one is

0:47:24.720,0:47:29.040
support small businesses run by original

0:47:27.119,0:47:31.359
members of a culture rather than buying

0:47:29.040,0:47:32.720
mass-produced items from a bit from big

0:47:31.359,0:47:36.079
box stores

0:47:32.720,0:47:39.680
that are made to represent a culture

0:47:36.079,0:47:42.079
um so basically appreciate

0:47:39.680,0:47:42.960
the people who really do who are a part

0:47:42.079,0:47:47.040
of that culture

0:47:42.960,0:47:49.760
trying to um show and teach

0:47:47.040,0:47:52.720
them rather than buying from a big name

0:47:49.760,0:47:54.400
company who’s trying to represent or

0:47:52.720,0:47:56.559
replicate the culture

0:47:54.400,0:47:57.760
exactly and the last thing is be

0:47:56.559,0:48:00.000
respectful

0:47:57.760,0:48:01.920
all cultures have traditions histories

0:48:00.000,0:48:03.440
artwork food and other associated

0:48:01.920,0:48:04.839
cultural treasures

0:48:03.440,0:48:07.599
that are subject to cultural

0:48:04.839,0:48:09.680
appropriation understand this and be

0:48:07.599,0:48:11.680
sure to cherish and respect those

0:48:09.680,0:48:12.960
of your culture and other people’s

0:48:11.680,0:48:15.680
cultures

0:48:12.960,0:48:17.359
and really it’s it’s it’s the basic

0:48:15.680,0:48:18.720
human idea of

0:48:17.359,0:48:21.040
treat others the way that you’d want to

0:48:18.720,0:48:23.920
be treated if you didn’t want someone

0:48:21.040,0:48:24.880
appropriating your cultural elements and

0:48:23.920,0:48:26.800
and

0:48:24.880,0:48:28.319
denigrating them and making fun of them

0:48:26.800,0:48:29.839
then don’t do it to other people it’s

0:48:28.319,0:48:33.359
it’s literally that simple

0:48:29.839,0:48:34.880
yeah so we do have a couple of closing

0:48:33.359,0:48:38.160
thoughts here

0:48:34.880,0:48:41.040
so in conclusion cultural appropriation

0:48:38.160,0:48:41.520
is the social equivalent of plagiarism

0:48:41.040,0:48:45.119
with an

0:48:41.520,0:48:45.119
added dose of denigration

0:48:46.000,0:48:50.480
if something it’s something to be

0:48:48.400,0:48:52.480
avoided at all costs and something to

0:48:50.480,0:48:54.640
educate yourself about

0:48:52.480,0:48:56.319
in addition to watching your own actions

0:48:54.640,0:48:56.960
it’s important to be mindful of the

0:48:56.319,0:49:00.160
actions

0:48:56.960,0:49:01.440
of corporations and be choosy of how you

0:49:00.160,0:49:03.200
spend your dollars

0:49:01.440,0:49:06.800
as that’s another way of supporting

0:49:03.200,0:49:10.079
members of the non-dominant culture

0:49:06.800,0:49:13.760
do what you can when you can

0:49:10.079,0:49:16.480
and you learn to do better right

0:49:13.760,0:49:19.119
so if there’s only just a little bit

0:49:16.480,0:49:22.640
that you can do like for instance if

0:49:19.119,0:49:26.079
i’m at a touristy location

0:49:22.640,0:49:29.440
and i have the option to buy um

0:49:26.079,0:49:32.400
let’s say a a an area rock like a

0:49:29.440,0:49:34.559
like a persian rug okay i can either buy

0:49:32.400,0:49:37.280
it from an authentic

0:49:34.559,0:49:38.960
artist who created it themselves or i

0:49:37.280,0:49:40.000
can run down to the local convenience

0:49:38.960,0:49:42.240
store or the local

0:49:40.000,0:49:43.280
you know box store and buy it well in

0:49:42.240,0:49:44.880
that situation

0:49:43.280,0:49:47.359
it’s kind of a no-brainer you buy it

0:49:44.880,0:49:48.880
from the people who make it because

0:49:47.359,0:49:51.040
not only will you most likely get a

0:49:48.880,0:49:54.319
better quality product

0:49:51.040,0:49:56.240
you’re supporting that culture and

0:49:54.319,0:49:57.839
chances are there’s a lot more history

0:49:56.240,0:49:59.920
to that piece at that point in time

0:49:57.839,0:50:01.359
there’s a story behind it

0:49:59.920,0:50:04.079
you know it’s not something that came

0:50:01.359,0:50:05.760
off of a factory machine somewhere

0:50:04.079,0:50:08.000
get to know the culture learn about it

0:50:05.760,0:50:10.720
make it an opportunity to expand your

0:50:08.000,0:50:12.000
own horizons

0:50:10.720,0:50:13.040
so we’re going to take a quick break

0:50:12.000,0:50:15.530
we’ll come back and we’ll get your

0:50:13.040,0:50:21.520
closing thoughts

0:50:15.530,0:50:24.800
[Music]

0:50:21.520,0:50:27.920
go for your closing remarks um so

0:50:24.800,0:50:29.760
to everyone out there um

0:50:27.920,0:50:32.079
culture appropriation is definitely

0:50:29.760,0:50:35.760
something to be avoided

0:50:32.079,0:50:38.800
like we said it is the um

0:50:35.760,0:50:41.440
social equivalent of plagiarism and

0:50:38.800,0:50:44.079
everyone knows plagiarism’s bad

0:50:41.440,0:50:44.960
um if you are going to try and represent

0:50:44.079,0:50:48.240
a culture

0:50:44.960,0:50:50.559
do it properly unjust no have

0:50:48.240,0:50:51.440
enough knowledge of the culture in order

0:50:50.559,0:50:54.480
to

0:50:51.440,0:50:56.960
show it to more people and if you do

0:50:54.480,0:50:57.760
do something based off of a culture at

0:50:56.960,0:51:00.559
least

0:50:57.760,0:51:01.760
try and give credit where credit is due

0:51:00.559,0:51:04.240
sage advice as

0:51:01.760,0:51:05.200
always before we go i would encourage

0:51:04.240,0:51:07.119
folks to

0:51:05.200,0:51:09.359
subscribe to the podcast you can get

0:51:07.119,0:51:12.720
video versions of the podcast

0:51:09.359,0:51:14.480
listed as insights into things

0:51:12.720,0:51:16.720
audio versions of the podcast you can

0:51:14.480,0:51:19.040
find listed as insights into teens we’re

0:51:16.720,0:51:20.960
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0:51:19.040,0:51:24.079
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0:51:20.960,0:51:25.839
in amazon and pretty much any place you

0:51:24.079,0:51:28.079
can get a podcast

0:51:25.839,0:51:29.839
i would also encourage folks to write to

0:51:28.079,0:51:30.160
us give us your feedback give us some

0:51:29.839,0:51:33.040
show

0:51:30.160,0:51:35.760
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0:51:35.760,0:51:40.480
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0:51:55.839,0:51:59.760
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0:51:57.280,0:52:01.040
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0:52:01.040,0:52:05.200
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0:52:03.200,0:52:07.040
things or you can get links to all those

0:52:05.200,0:52:11.359
on our website

0:52:07.040,0:52:13.680
at http://www.insightsintothings.com

0:52:11.359,0:52:15.440
and you and don’t forget to check out

0:52:13.680,0:52:17.359
our other two podcasts insights and

0:52:15.440,0:52:19.119
entertainment hosted by you and mommy

0:52:17.359,0:52:21.440
and it sits into tomorrow our monthly

0:52:19.119,0:52:23.280
podcast hosted by you my brother sam

0:52:21.440,0:52:24.480
nicely done you didn’t flub that one

0:52:23.280,0:52:26.880
yeah surprisingly

0:52:24.480,0:52:28.079
uh i think that’s all we had this week

0:52:26.880,0:52:33.839
another one in the books

0:52:28.079,0:52:33.839
bye everyone bye

0:52:36.070,0:52:47.839
[Music]

0:52:44.839,0:52:47.839
do

0:52:50.900,0:52:58.400
[Music]

0:52:59.119,0:53:01.200
you

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